Assorted links

by on February 28, 2014 at 12:37 pm in Uncategorized | Permalink

1. A man, a plan, a canal, Nicaragua?

2. Profile of Lucrezia Reichlin.

3. 13 Old English words we still should be using.

4. American Indian tribe launches its own cryptocurrency.

5. America’s top restaurants according to Yelp.

6. Elephants and economics.

7. Wolfers responds to Caplan on money and happiness.

prior_approval February 28, 2014 at 1:15 pm

3. There is no way that ‘clinomania’ can be accurately described as ‘Old English’ – Chaucer’s English, possibly, but then he wrote in Middle English.

The latinate ‘mania’ is the etymological tip-off. Yep –

‘mania (n) – late 14c., “mental derangement characterized by excitement and delusion,” from Late Latin mania “insanity, madness,” from Greek mania “madness, frenzy; enthusiasm, inspired frenzy; mad passion, fury,” related to mainesthai “to rage, go mad,” mantis “seer,” menos “passion, spirit,” all from PIE *men- “to think, to have one’s mind aroused, rage, be furious” (see mind (n.)). Sense of “fad, craze” is 1680s, from French manie in this sense. Sometimes nativized in Middle English as manye. Used since 1500s (in imitation of Greek) as the second element in compounds expressing particular types of madness (cf. nymphomania, 1775; kleptomania, 1830; megalomania, 1890).’ http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=mania

Oops – Latin double header –

‘Clin is the Latin root for bed and mania as you all know means madness. So clinomania is desire to stay in bed to the point where you might term it as madness. Dysania is a synonym of clinomania and the words are used interchangeably. ‘ http://learnodo-newtonic.com/what-is-clinomania-or-dysania-how-is-it-related-to-depression

For a quite interesting list of English words that have essentially nothing to do with Old English, this link isn’t bad – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_and_Latin_roots_in_English

CD February 28, 2014 at 2:43 pm

Glad to see I’m not the only pedant reading MR!

The funny part is that the prestige of (even the silliest) Latin- and Greek-derived terms is part and parcel of the suppression of Old English.

It’s been straight downhill since 1066.

dearieme February 28, 2014 at 2:57 pm

It should read “we should still be using”. In English, anyway.

Mr. Econotarian February 28, 2014 at 4:16 pm

Not to mention the great vowel shift!

KC March 5, 2014 at 1:12 pm

The FIRST word is “ultra-” something.

(╯°□°)╯︵ ┻━┻

Nobody that uses English for a living seems to know what “Old English” actually means.

Edward Burke February 28, 2014 at 1:20 pm

#3. Tsk and tut! Thirteen “Old English” words or thirteen old English words? Without an OED at hand, I have to guess that none of these items derive from Anglo-Saxon, at least I think none appear in the glossary of 1100 words I compiled after taking up Orwell’s challenge in his essay “Politics and the English Language”. (Apple, At, Ail, Day, Dawn, Acre, Ax, Ask, No, Ever, Edge, et cetera, et cetera, et cetera.)

Disappointed with the highlighted items, I read no further, but all would seem candidates for inclusion in a lexicon accompanying Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy. Hard to think any/many would’ve appeared much before Chaucer’s day.

prior_approval February 28, 2014 at 1:38 pm

In all honesty, the Business Insider article does not make the mistake of the text linking to it –

‘As the years pass, language evolves.

Since the days of Chaucer and Shakespeare, we can all agree English has become less flowery.

Some fantastic vocabulary just dropped out of everyday conversation.’

The article clearly refers to ‘old English,’ and not ‘Old English,’ as neither Chaucer nor Shakespeare ever spoke or wrote in Old English.

Edward Burke February 28, 2014 at 1:49 pm

I have to credit Tyler (or his evil twin) for capitalizing “Old”.

Cyrus March 1, 2014 at 9:14 am

Alas ambiguity, for the first word in each item of the list was capitalized.

Brandon Berg March 2, 2014 at 12:54 pm

Is it customary to capitalize the second word of a sentence when the first word consists solely of digits?

Abe Froman February 28, 2014 at 1:27 pm

5. Yelp has a Chicago hot-dog stand (albeit an amazing one) above Le Bernardin.

I’ve got no quarrel with this list.

john personna February 28, 2014 at 2:15 pm

The way I’ve come to think of it, my eating experience goes from “bad,” to “ok”, to “good” and finally “oh, so good!”

Now the amazing thing for me to really come to grips with is that “$” and “$$$$” restaurants on Yelp can both hit “oh, so good!”

I guess my eating pleasure neurobiology is too easy to satisfy. Lacks resolution.

Anonymous coward February 28, 2014 at 2:09 pm

#3 Jesus, that was the most useless thirty seconds in my life. Old English words? Ha-ha. I guess Business Insider is just envious of the Onion.

Mark February 28, 2014 at 2:20 pm

1. How should a libertarian approach a large-scale, long-term project, with sizable environmental risk? I can see how private ownership of the lake and of the surrounding forests may motivate a protective attitude (by the owners, at least). This looks like a tricky contract to write: who can enforce penalties for failure to perform, or insure against loss?

This specific case looks a non-starter. But someday somebody may seriously propose building a space elevator. Can this be done without government involvement?

Alexei Sadeski February 28, 2014 at 2:27 pm

#6.

>A ban is the crucial first step, but easily circumvented (in the United States, for example, you can only purchase ivory that is at least a hundred years old – but how hard is it to forge the necessary documents), ***especially if the punishment isn’t commensurate with the potential reward.***

In the US, the punishment for the crimes he describes is MASSIVE.

Alexei Sadeski February 28, 2014 at 2:37 pm

#5.

List tracks my smell test for patterns of best food in US: heavy emphasis on Southern California, Hawaii, SF Bay Area.

Matt February 28, 2014 at 2:44 pm

# 5- Biker Jim’s Gourmet Dogs in Denver is pretty good, but really not even close to the best food, even the best food from a food stand, in Denver. If you’re there, see it, and like hot dog type things, you should give it a try, but it’s not really super exciting.

Al February 28, 2014 at 3:13 pm

If anyone has falafel craving in Seattle, Mr. Gyros is like In N Out or Than Brother: reliable, affordable, and tasty. Hummus Cafe in Greenwood makes a better falafel, however.

Roy February 28, 2014 at 3:30 pm

#1. That artical is hysterical. Just the hydrology portion alone is amazingly uninformed. Lake Nicaragua is ten meters higher than Gatun Lake at the Panama canal, and a lot further away from the Caribbean.

In addition the “freshwater” sharks are actually a sub species of bull shark, and the males have been observed migrating to the Caribbean. The migratory corridor between North and South America is already blocked at Panama anyway, and the entire concrpt of a migration corridor connecting anything but Costa Rica is very suspect anyway.

The whole thing mentions Nicaragua is desperately poor and then proposes turning the entire country of 6 million into a nature preserve, probably involving ecotourism. A horribly hot and humid (unlike the rest of Central America, Nicaragua is low elevation), desperately poor, nature park filled with impoverished farmers who, with considerable justification, think a developmental disaster such as Honduras can offer a better life.

I regularly hear about neo-colonialism and the evils of multinationals, but there is nothing ExxonMobil, Nike, or even Freeport McMoran can do to a Third World country that is as bad as the plans of the ecologically engaged.

Jamie_NYC March 1, 2014 at 9:59 am

+1

A Different Al February 28, 2014 at 4:39 pm

#5: Porto’s bakery in Burbank is in the top 20. That place is ok, I guess. But, top 20?

Alan February 28, 2014 at 5:33 pm

I try out new places to eat only if the review specifically reassures me that there will not be any young attractive women there.

CPV February 28, 2014 at 7:28 pm

How we can normalize the food rankings by amount of regional grade inflation? Caution: That is a subtle question.

CPV February 28, 2014 at 7:37 pm

#7 – The funny part about the discussion is the subtext that if we can estimate this happiness function honestly then we should map it into a redistribution argument honestly. Those arguments are never played on the filed of the facts. Note the position taking.

ww February 28, 2014 at 9:00 pm

#5

Time to come out west Tyler. DC and VA aren’t cutting the mustard. Where’s Maryland? %66 in NV, AZ, WA, HI, OR, & CA.

Rank State # Ranked Restaurants
8 AZ 2
1 CA 47
8 CO 2
13 DC 1
8 FL 2
2 HI 10
6 IL 3
13 KS 1
13 MA 1
13 ME 1
6 MO 3
13 NV 1
3 NY 9
8 OR 2
13 RI 1
8 TN 2
4 TX 7
13 VA 1
5 WA 4
Total 100

ww February 28, 2014 at 9:01 pm

So much for vertical. Calif @ %47. Not unlike the venture capital stats reflecting California’s portion. Great food begats great innovation.

DK February 28, 2014 at 11:22 pm

#7 I just went through the original link and it first-order branches. Jesusfchrist! Does this masturbation with numbers really pass for a serious research in economics?

Ray Lopez February 28, 2014 at 11:52 pm

@#1 – it’s time for the USA to start accounting for externalities to the world due to industrialization. For example, a tax on Chinese imports would cut down on global greenhouse gas emissions (a tax on Mexico and Canada could be less if it is shown they produce fewer greenhouse gasses per product, since they are closer and might use better pollution control equipment). Likewise, a resolution that no US tanker of the Triple E variety would be allowed to pass through the proposed Nicaragua canal would kill the canal. As compensation, the US should (as they should have done with Ecuador) pay Nicaragua something to preserve their wetlands. We need smarter diplomacy, which is an oxymoron sadly.

JJ Hunsecker March 2, 2014 at 7:02 pm

“Sneck Lifter” is NOT old English. It is modern Northern English dialect; in fact, there is a great beer brewed by Jennings (Lake District area) called “Sneck Lifter”. Here is the actual definition of the term:

Sneck Lifter (5.1% abv) – Launched in 1990 as a winter beer and moved into all year round in 1995. “Sneck” is a northern word for door latch. A sneck lifter is a man’s last sixpence, allowing him to lift the pub’s door latch and purchase a pint, whereupon he hopes to make enough friends that they may offer to buy him further rounds.

Kitty_T March 3, 2014 at 12:32 pm

#3 – Uh, I’m pretty sure “groke” is still in some use. I use this with my kids regularly, as in “quit grokin’ my fries.” I can’t be the only one.

I’m not 100% sure where I picked it up, other than somewhere in the UK, probably while inebriated and in connection with prawn crisps.

nike air max 95 March 13, 2014 at 4:12 am

Migrant workers are mostly farmers who shuttle between their rural homes and cities looking for work. They usually take the least-paid and most laborious jobs in cities. According to Liu, who herself is a migrant worker, older migrant workers are more likely to be victims to rights abuses due to age issues and poor educational background.

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