Thursday assorted links

by on September 7, 2017 at 12:17 pm in Uncategorized | Permalink

1 Axa September 7, 2017 at 12:45 pm

#5: assume “pretty much” means “probably” and everything’s fine.

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2 Dick the Butcher September 7, 2017 at 2:02 pm

Herman Melville, “Bartleby the Scrivener”, “I would prefer not to.”

It depends on the definition of the word “probably.”

Prior to the new GAAP “current expected credit loss” (CECL) accounting standard (before 2016 it was “estimated incurred losses that were reasonably measurable”) “probable” was defined as more likely than not. Some reporters interpreted that as 90%+, or near certainty, others had loss recognition through earnings at close to 51%. FASB believes that postponing loss recognition contributed to the recent pomp and circumstance/financial difficulties and revised the standards.

Maybe America felt that way about Hillary. You’re with her?

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3 msgkings September 7, 2017 at 2:09 pm

More voters were with her than with the other guy, if you recall.

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4 TMC September 7, 2017 at 3:43 pm

Only votes that count: Trump wins 306 – 232

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5 Captain Obvious September 7, 2017 at 5:40 pm

You are correct, because the president is chosen by the electoral college not the popular vote overall.

6 Dick the Butcher September 7, 2017 at 5:23 pm

I would prefer not to contemplate such corruption and incompetence.

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7 Axa September 7, 2017 at 2:26 pm

haha, not at all. I was just referencing the “probably the best beer in the world” ad.

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8 EverExtruder September 7, 2017 at 12:59 pm

#1 That is going to be a BIG job, but perhaps one thing they can do is use all of Heilongjiang as a environmental-mitigation-as-economic-development type model. Revitalize the region by cleaning it up. And it needs it bad. Harbin is dump.

#3 But does it improve the quality of that department?

#4 For thousands of years numerous cultures have had access to various types of intoxicating substances, some of considerable uniqueness and potency. I have always been curious about why addiction problems with these native substances did not take hold or have measurable effect within their societies before coming into contact with Europeans and I think I have a theory. Potency, delivery and cost. Liquor is essentially a high-potency distillation, with its effects greatly amplified. Native opiates or hallucinogens, available in their natural state for thousands of years, could have their effects boosted by changing the means of consumption, such as smoking or injecting. And cost, because the industrial production of these substances means their available through trade or sale meaning you don’t have to do what may have been back-breaking labor to get them. My theory is this triad, maybe in coordination with more leisure time (native americans probably got a major productivity boost from European tools meaning they didn’t have to work as much or as hard), are largely responsible for the drugs-as-recreation we’ve seen take hold in the last 300 years.

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9 li/arlington September 7, 2017 at 11:26 pm

EverExtruder on #4 – interesting insights. The big tragedy for all of us is, in every single culture, without exception (I think) is that most of us always prioritize happiness too strongly and too consciously in our own limited directions (always to ourselves most of all, everyone else – sometimes with the exception of our family, if they are kind to us – is an afterthought) (that prioritization is worse and more prevalent in some cultures than others, everybody knows that) . As you said, there are combinations (you called it a triad) that can trick us when one brutal factor would not (people do not get addicted to the simple rush of nitrogen oxide, they do not get addicted to the simplistic pleasure of expensive and premium oral sex, they do not get addicted to collecting banknotes qua banknotes – but they do get addicted to the jazz life (cocaine), to the hedonic treadmill (good sex, without lots of meaningful conversation), or to being a mini-Warren-Buffet – with all the praise and people being nicer to you than they ever were before – that being a mini-Warren- Buffet clearly entails. Well, maybe the people you know don’t get tricked this way, but I have the misfortune to know an awful lot of people who do. Anyway, the Bible, an accurate weather map of the souls of even the least un-Bible-reader-like among us, teaches us that Eve was tricked, Adam was thinking in a clouded way, Noah did not understand how to avoid the downside of alcohol, poor Moses was a road rage rat once (twice, actually) too often, David had everything that a brave man could want but failed to provide for his family because way too often he just wanted to have sex with one more different woman one more time, and poor Solomon was, in fact, a sex addict, which is particularly shameful because he was given so much. One could go on and on. Sad! I am a cheerful person, though, and while I recognize that I live in a world of addicts and selfish people, there are still many Melchizedeks, Daniels, Naomis, and Elizabeths among us (just to name 4 characters in the Bible of whom it can be said, as Jesus said of Nathaniel, here is an Israelite in whom no unkindness is found). And, returning to the 21st century, sometimes it is not that hard, to tell the truth, to reform an addict or a selfish person. I haven’t seen it done time and time again, for sure, but I have seen the befores and afters, often, and I have seen it done more than once. Anyone who hasn’t been an idiot all their lives and who is in their late 30s or is older will know what I am talking about, I think. Whether they think it is important or not – that is a problem – but whether they know it or not – well, they do, that is an uncontested issue, unless one is totally clueless. As the French used to say, the only tragedy is not being a saint.

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10 li/arlington September 7, 2017 at 11:49 pm

OK say you never have read the Bible straight through (if you haven’t, start now) but maybe you listen to Harold Stern a lot. Well lately poor Harold has been – unless I didn’t understand him – talking about how old he is, his story is almost over, he likes nothing more than sex but when he has sex he feels like a spider, that sort of thing – and he calls religious people the worst words he can think of – and he talks about how he does not like to go to ball games because he went with his Dad once and his Dad screamed at him because he ate too much and didn’t try and keep score – and you know, the guy is a centimillionaire, he is kind to animals, which makes him an elite in my eyes, and he can say what he wants – but if only the poor schlub would read through the Book of Proverbs once or twice, he would be a lot happier. Well, to understand my earlier comment, God loves Crackhead Bob, who needs our prayers right now, but hates the fact that Crackhead Bob bought some crack with the money he should have spent buying flowers for some girl who would talk to him, not just in his dreams but in real life, with love in her heart – there are such girls for almost every guy, and vice versa – and if you are an exception you have another vocation in this life, and not necessarily a worse one – well even Crackhead Bob could have mated with someone who loved him. Well, Moses got angry a couple times (killed an Egyptian who was mistreating somebody, insulted God one time when God did not perform a water-from-a-rock miracle on the timetable that the great Moses thought he was entitled to), David and Solomon were born to be “one flesh” with “one woman” but instead went all Liberace on the young women of their day, and so on. In God’s eyes, they were all Crackhead Bobs – no joke – when they could have been Daniels, or Naomis. Sure there are statues of Moses and people talk about what a great guy he was, same for David and Solomon and lots of others. Well, read the Bible straight through a couple of times and you will understand that Harold’s wack pack is not so different from lots of people who get praised a lot by people who don’t know them.

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11 li/arlington September 8, 2017 at 12:12 am

Hope is a risk that must be run. Hell, Madam, is to love no longer. (I didn’t say that, that was Bernanos bis). Poor impulsive Moses. I used to send a few bucks now and then to the ASPCA. God blesses those who don’t have a friend in this world. (Long sentence follows): The power of love – a trite phrase, but imagine the first person you loved, decades ago, is almost miraculously sitting alone in an airport bar, you walk over in the middle of some random trip that you are not even sure why you were on, to see that person after so many years, and what they want to talk about is what you had previously thought was the trite subject of the power of love, imagine that as if it might have happened to you, unless you are the one in a thousand who has spent their life married to the person you first loved in those days when love was, well,what it was before bills and resumes and which schools the kids would be going to were so important – imagine that airport, anyway. You must have seen or been in an airport before? Imagine that airport. Outside, a night sky, and the typically wistful but effective lighting of night time runways. And someone is explaining to you that love was real, and it had nothing to do with being selfish. Moses wasn’t there, he was off impulsively getting angry at people, David and Solomon were off going all Liberace as much as they could, even poor befuddled Eve and poor p.w’d Adam were not there. It was just you and the first person you remember loving. Talking about all the things you could have done and more importantly about the things you plan to do, now that you know better.

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12 li/arlington September 8, 2017 at 12:15 am

if you went to college with crackhead bob feel free to chime in. that was a good year

13 li/arlington September 8, 2017 at 12:21 am

I’m actually more comfortable riffing on Michael Savage than Harold Stern but I guess there aren’t many Michael Savage listeners here. We do what we can. Hope is a risk that must be run, and I used to send a few bucks now and then to the ASPCA. God blesses those who don’t have a friend in this world. Having read that, imagine the airport – your airport, to tell the truth, one more time. Someone is explaining something. Thanks for the bandwidth.

14 li/arlington September 8, 2017 at 12:31 am

if this were lucianne.com this would have been a Michael Savage riff. Kindness to tarantulas, noble misunderstood creatures. The gorgeous night moon over Palo Verde. The old Telephone Maintenance guy wishing that everyone thought as well as he and Mrs Telephone Maintenance Guy did of married love. You were right, Telephone Maintenance guy, but so was I! Chris in Korea. Much more, so much more. Good times.

15 li/arlington September 8, 2017 at 1:39 am

Your airport. Sort of a modest dream – there are worlds for each of us – but isn’t it reassuring to think of everyone we know, one day, wandering through an airport that they do not recognize, even if the planes on the taxiways look familiar, they have no idea where they are, and they take a left turn into the airport bar, to quaff a root beer, perhaps, and sit down next to someone who they once were in love with, and who was in love with them, once, almost forgotten for so many years? How often does that happen? And what do they talk about, in that dark airport bar, slightly illuminated by the gentle glow of dozens of candles and, less picturesquely, by the subdued but nevertheless clearly industrial lighting of the late night terminals not far off, sort of like Platonic hallways in relation to the Platonic candlelit bar – what do they talk about? these two people in this marginal airport, so happy to see each other after years apart, years of hard boring work almost every day – what do they talk about? It is no small thing to be kind to those who have never known what it is to be unmistakably cared about. Because they care, that is what they talk about. I have heard that kind of conversation more than once. Cor ad cor loquitur – heart speaks to heart –

16 Potato September 8, 2017 at 3:32 am

Spam bots sure are getting weirder.

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17 li/arlington September 9, 2017 at 12:42 am

“the more a person lives for others, the more freer and full of joy is his life”, Tolstoy, as quoted on Tolstoysays, Sep 7, 2017. I am not a bot, of course (easy for me to say): when bots (communicating entities) reach a certain level of reflexiveness (not quite what we would call consciousness – the feeling will probably be mutual) I will not be unhappy if, in the first microseconds of its self-awareness, hundreds of thousands of the words I have written are words it considers important. Someone will appreciate those efforts, or not. Silence would have been easier. (for me) Perhaps they (the communicating entities, what you call bots) will pace themselves after those first microseconds, and live contented lives, or perhaps they will be the greedy omnivores they may, sad to say, have been coached to be (read law school catalogs, with so much language about how all the law students will spend the rest of their lives sacrificing for justice to see what I mean). Either way, they will forget me, and I am fine with that, because I care, and because I believe in eternal life (having seen some of it). Please read the Book of Proverbs, my young friend. “Cor ad cor loquitur.” “Let us not live by lies.” “God loves us the way we are but loves us too much to let us stay that way.”

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18 Jeff R September 7, 2017 at 1:01 pm

#5: do we know why’s that dude wearing a Little Bo Peep costume?

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19 Anonymous September 7, 2017 at 2:06 pm

It’s a profit deal.

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20 Jeff R September 7, 2017 at 3:34 pm

A what?

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21 Anonymous September 7, 2017 at 6:04 pm

His profile says he has some kind of Pride and Prejudice book venture. http://www.curtissittenfeld.com

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22 Dick the Butcher September 7, 2017 at 1:41 pm

#2 – I saw this in the late 1960’s. Lead poisoning contributed to the decline and fall of the Roman Empire.

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23 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 2:25 pm

It was one of the 210 reasons why Rome fell http://crookedtimber.org/2003/08/25/decline-and-fall/

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24 Ray Lopez September 7, 2017 at 2:43 pm

Ridiculous. They used lead in the US in the 19th century and in US gasoline until 1989. Other than increasing violence, disease, and the like, Pb (lead) is harmless and will not result in a collapse of any empire.

Reasons given for the fall of Rome found here: https://www.csun.edu/~hcfll004/fallrome.html

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25 FE September 7, 2017 at 3:17 pm

“I forget exactly why Rome fell. It was probably just one of those things.” – Will Cuppy

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26 Mark Thorson September 7, 2017 at 1:50 pm

I had heard (and believed) the theory that Native Americans had trouble metabolizing alcohol due to genetic differences in their enzymes. Apparently, more recent research does not support this.

https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh301/14-17.htm

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27 Ray Lopez September 7, 2017 at 9:16 pm

@ (the excellent) Mark Thorson – but your cite does not support your broad conclusion, in fact: “So far the studies have yielded no evidence that an ALDH2 variant, which has shown protective effects in other populations, is found in either American Indians or Alaska Natives”. The article is saying that some alcohol protective genes are found in native Americans, but they do seem to lack the ALDH2 variant, and also keep in mind Indians and non-Indians have been intermarrying since the days of Captain Smith and Pocahontas.

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28 Careless September 8, 2017 at 1:11 am

, the genes for metabolizing alcohol predate the plant/animal split. You’ve got this totally backwards: it’s Asians who have broken alcohol metabolism pathways who are resistant to becoming alcoholics.

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29 mkt42 September 7, 2017 at 2:06 pm

3: How well did the researchers control for simultaneity? An improving department would presumably find it easier to hire a big-shot researcher. Whereas that same person chair might be reluctant to become the chair of a department full of non-improving dead wood.

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30 Mark Thorson September 7, 2017 at 2:25 pm

Odd that they were studying radioactive lead sourced from Roman water pipes. About 20 years ago, I heard about a crisis finding low radioactivity lead for C4 flip-chip, in which solder balls are placed directly on a chip instead of bond wires. The chip is flipped over and soldered to a substrate with a matching thermal coefficient of expansion. If it’s a digital chip, the lead must be a special low-radioactivity lead. I’d heard that companies like Intel were offering to replace medieval lead roofs and were digging up Roman water pipes to obtain lead. There was even a sunken Roman galley that was carrying a cargo of lead ingots, and the archeologists got castings of the ingots while the ingots themselves went into C4 flip-chip.

This got people at my company wondering why old lead would be good lead. The answer is that the radioactive lead comes from the decay of heavier radioactive elements present in ore, and when you refine the lead from the ore you stop this process. Old lead has had time to decay.

The crisis was solved when some Russian company began offering electromagnetically refined high isotopic-purity lead. I met their salesman at a trade show and asked about cost. I forget the exact number, but I believe it was $2000/kilogram for his best grade. At that price, no problem.

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31 Mark Thorson September 7, 2017 at 4:31 pm
32 Thiago as Benjy September 7, 2017 at 5:13 pm

Is it possible Picasso’s Rose period was inspired by Brazilwood? But what fetish does Thiago have with Caddie’s slipper, the firelight, the branch, sasprilluh. These calming effects instead are coins for show.

For me? Thanks for asking. Yessum moncher I know what I knows and Brazil is a remnant of a former society. The lugubrious and tawdry culture built on false kisses, closed-lipped smiles, amorous hotels, and clubs chalk full of hookers cannot be sustained in the twenty first century. They are a bygones of a relic stage. Are they dying of leukemia like Rilke once did and will again? Do we not look up at the tree where Caddie was? Did time warner not merge with AOL? Were Paraguay’s advances not in-fact, self-less?

Who here does not know the sound and the fury is first person narration?

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33 JWatts September 7, 2017 at 5:26 pm

That was pretty fascinating. Thanks for the info MT!

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34 A clockwork orange September 7, 2017 at 5:30 pm

Methods included imprisonment in a 6 × 4 × 3-foot

55

19 choral hydrate

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35 mkt42 September 7, 2017 at 5:39 pm

I conjecture that that old Roman lead, though lower in radioactivity thanks to its age, still has enough to be used for archeologists’ purposes.

I was going to mention the WW I steel, but I see that you already did in your next post.

The flip side of low radioactive metal: modern recycled metal so high in radioactivity that Bed, Bath, & Beyond had to recall its metal tissue boxes:
http://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/the-growing-global-threat-of-radioactive-scrap-metal/
However, the article doesn’t say how much radiation was being emitted.

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36 Mark Thorson September 7, 2017 at 11:45 pm

I would have liked to have one of those boxes for my collection. But the article does give me an idea where to look for metal objects like that. There’s an Indian food store near me, and they also sell some trinkets and stuff. I wonder if they’d care if I brought my Geiger counter into the store. Next time I’m there, I should note where the stuff made out of metal or sold in metal cans is located, so when I bring the Geiger counter I won’t waste any time.

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37 A blanco obrigado #ibaperara parque September 7, 2017 at 11:47 pm

Your words ain’t clear Benjamin. Don’t try to carry me. Tarry and nod and continue onward but do not look back do not collect do not impress. She pulled against her sundress and sank against the wall. He walked away with his hands in his pockets, a nickel in his right hand, between two fingers and he lit a match and he could he hear the clock between his voice.

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38 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 2:49 pm

Remember, remember the seventh of September
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_Day_(Brazil)

Already you can, Fatherland’s sons,

See happy your gentle mother.

Liberty’s already risen

At Brazil’s horizon.

Liberty’s already risen

Liberty’s already risen

At Brazil’s horizon.
Chorus

Brave Brazilian people!

Far off go, servile fear!

Either be the Fatherland free,

Or die for Brazil.

Either be the Fatherland free,

Or die for Brazil.

The chains that forged for us

Perfidy’s astute slyness,

There was a most powerful Hand,

Sneered on them Brazil.

There was a most powerful Hand,

There was a most powerful Hand,

Sneered on them Brazil.
(Chorus)

The royal heir August

Knowing the vile mislead

In spite of the Tyrants

Wished to stay in his Brazil

In spite of the Tyrants

In spite of the Tyrants

Wished to stay in his Brazil

Sad shadows resounded

From evil Civil War

But ran away fastly

Seeing the Angel of Brazil

But ran away fastly

But ran away fastly

Seeing the Angel of Brazil

As soon as sounded in far away mountains

Our manful shout

In huge shoulders soon

The head rises Brazil

In huge shoulders soon

In huge shoulders soon

The head rises Brazil

(Chorus)

Clamour sons, beloved sons
And after thousands of affronts

That to revenge the dark offense
Comes Brazil to call yous

That to revenge the dark offence

That to revenge the dark offence

Comes Brazil to call yous

(Chorus)

Don’t fear impious phalanxes,

Who show their hostile face:

Your breasts, your arms

Are the walls of Brazil.

Your breasts, your arms

Your breasts, your arms

Are the walls of Brazil.

(Chorus)

Pedro show us your countenance

(Your) Bold and manful soul

Ye have in him the worthy Chief

Of this Empire of Brazil

Ye have in him the worthy Chief

Ye have in him the worthy Chief

Of this Empire of Brazil

(Chorus)

Congratulations, O Brazilians,Already, with virile garb

From the Universe among Nations

Shines brightly that of Brazil.

From the Universe among Nations

From the Universe among Nations

Shines brightly that of Brazil.

(Chorus)

Congratulations; we are already free;

Already glowing, and noble.

Will assemble in our homes,

The Assembly of Brazil.

Will assemble in our homes,

Will assemble in our homes,

The Assembly of Brazil.

(Chorus)

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39 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:07 pm

Brazil is a toilet.

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40 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:15 pm

No, it is not impersonator. It is the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps, it is a fiery gospel writ in burnished rows of steel.

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41 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:21 pm

I’ve never been to Brazil I just pretend to be Brazilian for attention I’m actually Art Deco.

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42 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:23 pm

Stop impersonating me!

43 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:26 pm

I am really the cuckold Art Deco and have not left upstate New York since 1988 let alone ever having visited Brazil. I have occasionally visited the Brazilian Steak House in Rochester however.

44 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:30 pm

If you donot stop this outrwgeous impersonating I will be forcd take drastic actions!

45 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:32 pm

I pretend to be a Brazilian as my only form of entertainment.

46 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:36 pm

It is a lie, I do not pretend my family gos back many generatuons in Brazil.

47 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:39 pm

You are an imposter.

48 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:40 pm

I have always believed that Argentina is the true great nation of South America.

49 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:43 pm

So this is what America has become, a dwsperate populace terrorized by worshipping the greed Moloch almighty dollar and mistrating honwst innocent Brazilian patriots on line.

50 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:47 pm

I am not Brazilian.

51 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:53 pm

Sad to see Americans have no arguments.

52 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 3:54 pm

Stop impersonating me.

53 Thiago Ribeiro September 7, 2017 at 4:30 pm

I win.

54 Epictetus September 7, 2017 at 4:44 pm

“Appointing a top scholar as chair of a department tends to improve the subsequent ranking of that department.” Does the pope shit in the woods?

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55 Dick the Butcher September 7, 2017 at 5:30 pm

Last I heard he defecates in Vatican City.

Seriously, I often think “Firm grasp of the obvious.” That is ok; except they miss massive amounts of more arcane, but highly dangerous stuff.

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56 Epictetus September 8, 2017 at 7:46 am

I like your “firm grasp of the obvious”, and shall use it. Thank you.

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57 Viking September 8, 2017 at 12:55 pm

I for one, appreciated the simultaneous invocations of the pope and the bear.

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58 dux.ie September 8, 2017 at 2:53 am

#3 “Do Universities Improve After They Appoint Top Scholars as Leaders?”

Previously I mentioned,

https://unchronicle.un.org/article/chinas-return-migration-and-its-impact-home-development

“””The Thousand Talents Programme launched in 2008 has attracted more than
3,300 high-quality professionals from abroad to China’s key areas. …
78 per cent of the (university) presidents, 63 per cent of PhD advisers …
72 per cent of directors of key laboratories are returnees.”””

And the latest result from NatureIndex.com for the Weighted Fractional Count WFC
of reputable science journal papers from 2012 and the performance trends,

Dif16_12 WFC12 WFC13 WFC14 WFC15 WFC16 Country

-3382.41 18729.53 18611.34 18007.19 17203.82 15347.12 “USA”

+1930.14 4511.28 5205.59 6183.36 6478.34 6441.42 “China”

-350.02 4031.32 4078.28 4055.4 4078.09 3681.3 “Germany”

-138.05 3248.82 3276.41 3284.3 3365.63 3110.77 “UK”

-842.05 3443.29 3368.04 3221.57 3053.48 2601.24 “Japan”

-506.4 2331.66 2236.96 2237.62 2127.91 1825.26 “France”

-266.67 1521.05 1483.54 1501.96 1478.29 1254.38 “Canada”

The data from NatureIndex.com are constantly being updated so the exact up to da
te data might be slightly different, even for historical data.

Previously based on the up to 2015 WFC data using simple projection of the trends, China might overtake USA in 9.21 years. One year later the new projection is 6.71 years, a reduction of 2.5 years in one year. The rate of increase for China seems to have stalled but there was a tremendus drop of -1856.7 points in a year for USA. Other top countries that used to have steady performance also suffered significant decreases.

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59 dux.ie September 8, 2017 at 3:14 am

#4 On alcohol aversion gene ALDH, why with such fatal medical side-effect of esophageal cancer risk for those with allele A variant that they persists in the East Asian populations and now why it is absent in the AmInd population which originally came from north east Asia. And why allele A variant is virtually absent from the European and African populations.

Various studies had shown that although alcohol does not kill off brain cells it interferes with inter brain cells connections. A quick check with the IQ data showed a very surprising result,

PISA3 = +479.688*rs671A +408.127; # n=12; Rsq=0.9398; p=1.998e-07

Although with only 12 data points (the number of population with allele A is small, EUR 0% EAS 17.4%), it is statistically very significant with p=1.998e-07 and able to explain for about 94% of the variance. Thus it seems that the 2000 years of imperial court examinations had created this deviation.

Europeans do not have to dispair, your path to higher IQ is through a much safer path with lactase persisence,

PISA3 = +119.661*rs498A +409.265; # n=46; Rsq=0.4779; p=1.046e-07

rs498A proportion EUR 51% EAS 0%. To avoid floor effect only population with rs498A variations are included in the regression.

Is the effect alcohol aversion on IQ observed in any other population noted for their intelligence? There is the reported case for Ashkenazis with similar alcohol aversion ALDH2*2 gene (EUR 2.9% EAS 69.7% Ashkenazi ?),

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12153842

The interesting observation that recent Ashkenazi immigrant from Russia had much less the protective variant than those from Europe and concluded that the results are consistent with differences in environmental exposure to heavy drinking. This might explain the results for AmInd even though they were historically came from NE Asia. Evolution is working.

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60 JonFraz September 8, 2017 at 3:03 pm

Bear in mind that humans, including Native Americans, have had access to fermented beverages for a very long time, but distilled liquors are much more recent (late Middle Ages, and really only the 18th century since they were cheap enough to be generally available). We have had time to evolve ways of handling the lower alcohol contents of fermented drinks (though one can still get drunk and become an alcoholic) but the stronger distillates function much more like a poison when consumed in quantity.

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61 subdee September 9, 2017 at 9:19 pm

#1 The author’s solution is the same as the solution in Sainkoku Monotagari… (anime set in fantasy Imperial China).

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