Month: March 2013
Because there is no dominant culture one feels pressured to join, Dubai is a cosmopolitan city where most people are not cosmopolitans.
That is a sentence from Brook’s new A History of Future Cities, a frequently interesting conceptual history of Dubai, Mumbai, St. Petersburg/Leningrad and Shanghai. The first Amazon review is quite on the mark.
4. Mid-period Martha Stewart (I am not surprised).
6. I’m all for science funding, neuro too, but is the Brain Activity Map really the way to go? There is an introduction to the idea here.
7. Signaling (recommended for economists to click to see the photo).
Of course the FAA budget goes up year-over-year (in nominal terms) even under the sequester, and air traffic control is handling 27% fewer departures than prior to 9/11 with a budget that’s 41% higher (again, nominal $). And that’s aside from actually probably being able to make some cuts without noticeable service effects, even before having to put off capital investment in future air traffic control improvements.
That is from an email. There is more from Gary here, including this:
Lots of commenters argued that I must simply not understand the sequester, that the money has to be taken proportionally from each program / project / activity. I pointed out that these things are not at all defined in the statute, and it was still up to the Administration then to choose what that would mean for implementation.
Alan Crede emails me the following:
It seems there’s a lot of nepotism in Hollywood (the Sheens, Clooneys, Douglases, Arquettes, Goldie Hawn-Kate Hudson, Aaron Spelling-Tori Spelling, etc.).
But it seems for every Angelina Jolie with industry connections, there’s someone like Brad Pitt (an outsider from Missouri).
My question is why is it not *all* nepotism?
I’m struggling to think of a bit of a theory of economic theory that could explain the equilibrium that we see other than the (question-begging) contention that, in order to maximize profits, Hollywood producers cast the ablest actors available to them.
Imagine a talent selection system with many different levels of filters and many, many applicants and also few winners. The first level could be something as simple as “does anyone even look at your photo shoot or ask you for an audition?” Let’s also say that nepotism gets you past the first filter, or maybe a bit more, but not past the final filters. They won’t let you star in a movie just because you’re Goldie Hawn’s daughter (by that time most of her clout is gone). Nonetheless relatives of famous actors, actresses, etc. still will end up considerably overrepresented on the screen.
There is also someone known who can vouch for you, albeit not always with perfect credibility: “Believe me, if you give my brother this role, he won’t ruin the movie promo efforts with a cocaine addiction.” And so on.
You will be remembered more easily: imagine a director saying “hey for this bit part, why don’t we get what’s-his-name, you know the brother of [xxxx].” It is then easier to work your way up.
Being the brother, sister, etc. of a famous actor gets you publicity and makes for a good story. It draws interest from viewers, just as I was keen to have met Alex’s brother in Toronto last year. That will help your chances too. At the same time, talented outsiders still will make their way through the process and achieve stardom.
Nepotism and focality are closely related and they often reinforce each other.
At first I thought this was satire:
I ran across that one in One More Page Books, a good Arlington independent bookstore which oddly no one had told me about. It’s a bit out of the way in west Arlington, almost at Falls Church, right off Rt.29.
1. Interview with Saez (I find his views on elasticities somewhat surprising, actually).
2. Why conspiracy theories persist in Pakistan (they are often true).
5. Dennis Rodman in North Korea, and oddly the game ended in a tie.
6. Those Americans who will tell pollsters they approve of Congress, excellent piece, one excerpt: “Other answers were simpler. Clyda Mellett of Tennessee, who described Medicare as her top political interest, offered an unqualified thumbs-up. “I think they’re doing great,” she said.”
Mid-wage occupations, paying between $13.83 and $21.13 per hour, made up about 60 percent of the job losses during the recession. But those mid-wage jobs have made up just 27 percent of the jobs gained during the recovery.
By contrast, low-wage occupations paying less than $13.83 per hour have utterly dominated the recovery, with 58 percent of the job gains since 2010. (This data all comes from an earlier report (pdf) from the National Employment Law Project.)
One reason Berlusconi did so well is because of his opposition to a very unpopular property tax from the previous government:
The [Berlusconi] letter was sent to voters in swing regions of Italy.
It vows to scrap the unpopular property tax brought in under ex-Prime Minister Mario Monti and pay voters back.
There is more here. Why does this matter? Note that Italy has much more wealth than income, as indeed do all countries I know of. Rogoff and Rinehart have focused our attention on the debt-gdp ratio, but as a pure accounting matter the debt-wealth ratio is more important. And debt-wealth ratios rarely if ever look terrifying. If you wish to get practical about it, imagine Italian homeowners — who have very low levels of debt on their homes — turning over twenty percent of the equity value in their living quarters to German and French banks. (“Unterschreiben Sie hier, bitte…”) The crisis is solved and, with apologies to Robert Barro, I am not even sure how much the negative wealth effect would crush consumer spending. Life would go on and day-to-day taxes on income and consumption do not need to rise.
Yet of course this rarely if ever happens. Indeed the Italians just took a big step away from such a “solution.” The real lesson is that debt crises are crises of political will, not problems in the numbers per se. And I take that to be bad news for the United States. It also means that neither the debt pessimists nor the debt optimists convince me much with their cited numbers. Look to the politics and adjust your mood accordingly.
The first prerequisite is that the teacher be interested in the material and familiar with current debates. A second issue is that it be readily teachable on-line, though I don’t think it is yet clear which segments of economics fit this bill. My suspicion is that extreme narrative material (economic history, history of economic thought) or purely technical material (“what are the mechanics of covered interest parity?”) will do best here, but that is unproven to say the least. (If that is right, why quality of coverage should be non-monotonic in degree of narrative is an interesting question.) Third, we would like to cover most courses and most fundamentals of economics, in due time, so in part these are issues of sequencing rather than either/or issues of coverage or not.
We will have many more videos coming up today, and in addition to the four new classes we are working on some forthcoming classes too. When using the new MRU page, you can go through the menus. Alternatively, I use visual fields differently than do most people, so I find it easiest to scroll down the page to the “All Videos” section and simply view the entire menu of choice. Up to you.