Friday assorted links

Comments

#1. North Korea must have absolutely no conception of irony.

Or Laibach is making a joke.

They're ... funny that way.

(Honestly, given how poorly the North Koreans seem to read humor and irony, and how subtle and effective Laibach's is, the Koreans might think it's a dead-serious tribute.)

Hopefully it's not The Final Countdown.

I noticed a few years ago when in Fairfax county, when passing by a high school that has a 'good reputation', that the student athletes looked overweight and the cheerleaders looked ugly. That is, compared to my glory days in the 70s. Kids these days are couch potatoes and the traditional segregation between jocks, nerds and druggies is fading I bet. Speaking as a grumpy old man (with a youngster for a gf). Here in the Philippines the kids are fit, and they follow the latest fashions, Few fatties here.

Well, you haven't had kids yet.

That came across as more harsh than it should have. It was meant as a minor jibe, sorry if it comes across as being mean spirited.

Good Lord, you write as if "Ray Lopez" exists, rather than his being a jolly satire on our world.

Maybe he exists, it would be the ultimate satire on our world.

"Good Lord, you write as if “Ray Lopez” exists, rather than his being a jolly satire on our world."

You assume that I exist. ;)

If Ray Lopez didn't exist, it would be necessary to invent him.

The Lopez has always existed. It proceeded from the formless void. And the formless void was The Lopez.

If Ray Lopez doesn't exist, everything is permissible.

Can Ray Lopez create a stone he can't lift?

If Ray Lopez didn't exist, it would be necessary to invent his girlfriend.

If Ray Lopez's girlfriend didn't exist, there would be no Ray Lopez.

Ray Lopez exists but his girlfriend is a hooker, who also exists.

"Should Fairfax schools cut all sports and activities?"

Probably not, but they'll threaten to do so because they know the threat will produce a public outcry to support their "need" for more money. SOP.

Yes, of course, "but they’ll threaten to do so [only] because they know the threat will produce a public outcry to support their “need” for more money." The conspiracy theory of bureaucracy!

#2 Very interesting analysis; I'm immediately reminded of books and polemical articles I've seen from the radical left arguing how US economic growth and global hegemony was dependent on slavery, and the viscerally immoral foundations of the "American exceptionalism" that conservatives and US nationalists like to tout.

I wonder whether "Black lives as collateral" continued to play some kind of role in the post-Reconstruction age, since the evidence I've seen suggests that despite the formal end of slavery, it functionally continued in the form of ex-slaves sharecropping for their former masters. I suppose the informality makes using sharecroppers as some kind of collateral a lot more difficult.

@Arjun--'property is theft' when applied to human chattel. But equally, infringement of Intellectual Property is a form of theft, think about it.

RL, Arjun is a dedicated Socialist. Theft is not a negative to him, as long as, it's taking from specific groups.

I find it amusing that some people have such a clear conception of intellectual property, as if the Venn diagram between that and historic knowledge was disjoint sets. See also "Idle speculation on the shan zhai and open fabrication" http://www.tigoe.net/blog/category/environment/295/

no, because you don't own ideas.

Whatever you think of ideas and of IP, it is unimaginative to think that one set of ideas is just naturally IP and another set is not.

I mean, I find a Vernier caliper to be a very clever device. Why isn't the family of Pierre Vernier (1580–1637) making money? Because that would be madness, of course. As would be tracking down the million descendants of the sun-dial's inventor to deliver them their piece of the Apple Watch. And yet a certain set seem willing to modern IP to future generations of trust fund brats. Madness.

@anti-IP types-- theft of IP 'works' only if enough people do the initial inventing for free. So far that model has been successful--most inventors invent for the love, not the money, witness nearly every Nobel Prize winner--but also you reach a ceiling in the things you can do (hence "Great Stagnation") if you don't give incentives to innovation and depend on eccentric nerds to invent for the love of it. I myself have written programs that are freeware, one of them being chess related, but I hesitate to develop it further since there's no money in doing so (the source code is open source). Others like me exist. You get what you pay for, always remember that. NFL (No Free Lunch).

That is a tangent, and not particularly effective. Talk about government R&D. Why is it "IP?"

"Very interesting analysis; I’m immediately reminded of books and polemical articles I’ve seen from the radical left arguing how US economic growth and global hegemony was dependent on slavery, and the viscerally immoral foundations of the “American exceptionalism” that conservatives and US nationalists like to tout. - See more at: http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2015/08/friday-assorted-links-26.html#comment-158524565"
-Right, which is why South Carolina and Mississippi are the richest states in the Union, and Vermont and Montana are the poorest. Also, why Brazil is such an economic success.

Yes, this is an interesting point. My initial thought would be that the North was heavily profiting from slavery in the South, i.e. using the cheap cotton as an input for clothing manufacturing. But I haven't studied the nature of the US economy in the 1800s enough to really engage in this debate besides thinking aloud.

Likewise, I'm not sure how the Brazil slave economy functioned with respect to the larger economy. The paper Cowen linked specifically discusses how the fact that slaves were used as debt collateral means that slavery was a much bigger driver of the economy than previously recognized; did Brazil have a similar relationship with local credit markets as in the US? We'd also have to consider how value from the Brazilian slave economy was transferred/reinvested through the larger Atlantic slave trade network.

I remember learning in school about how Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller made their fortunes in clothing.

+1
That made me laugh out loud. Thanks.

Hilarious!

the difference between serfdom and slavery is that with slavery you can sell the slaves freely, but in serfdom you sell the slaves with the land.

Think of post reconstruction sharecroppers as medieval peasants. They only have value to the landholder who owns their farm. Unlike the slave owner the land owner can only trade the land and not the slaves. Add the completely forgotten fact that many African American tenant farms moved from one area to the next changing their landlord and in times of expansion the landowners had to offer better arrangements to keep and attract tenants.

This means the post civil war pre civil rights south fundamentally did not have a slave economy. Unless you are going to stretch the meaning of slavery out of all recognition and utility.

"Unless you are going to stretch the meaning of slavery out of all recognition and utility."

+1

@#2 - this paper, using Maryland as a test (which surprisingly was a slaver state), shows that slavery was not 'marginally' profitable as some would have it, but very profitable. Can you say 'reparations'? Forty acres and a mule are just a starting point.

Full disclosure: the Nazis owe my family some money for killing off some family members in WWII. We've not seen any of the promised money from Germany (which stepped into the shoes of the Nazis). Reparations.

Should the Mongols still be paying reparations to Russia and China?

Are the Mongols currently dominating Russia and China?

When is the Roman Empire going to start paying reparations to Britain?

Is the Roman Empire currently dominating Britain?

Aye, but it's moved to Brussels.

Good point!

When Rome removed its legions and abandoned the British to the Saxon hordes the capital of the Western Empire was in Trier, halfway between Brussels and Strassbourg.

And to Judea for that matter.

Are slaveholders currently dominating blacks?

Are Nazis currently dominating Ray Lopez?

What is the analogy you are drawing here? And how is it meaningful?

Is anything from the past ever related to the now? Of course not! Case closed!

Not slaveholders, but the wealth forcibly extracted from Black people in the 1800s seems very much present and disproportionately controlled by White America. I.e. see the absurd disparities in wealth and income between median Black and White individuals and households. The historical process is clear: freed slaves were given no compensation, land, or wealth, many were forced to sharecrop for former slaveholders and masters, and the Southern pro-slavery elite managed to regain their power after the failure of Reconstruction. This was then followed by Jim Crow laws and segregation, state-sanctioned discrimination and violence and terror against Black people that consistently destroyed attempts at self-development ( http://atlantablackstar.com/2013/12/04/8-successful-aspiring-black-communities-destroyed-white-neighbors/ ).

So there is a pretty clear and well-documented mechanism by which slavery's ramifications are still present today, in addition to all the subsequent iterations of racist policies.

As for whether Nazis are currently dominating Ray Lopez, I am at this time not aware of what kinds of kinks Mr. Lopez may or may not be interested in--nor do I think its any of my business to judge what the man may or may not do in his bedroom (or elsewhere)!

Think about how many underage girls Ray could have now if the Nazis hadn't killed off members of his extended family.

Were the Germans dominating Israel after WW II? Did they ever do it (with Israel not existing then and all that)?

Arjun,

Who is "White America" and who is "Black America"?

Barack Obama has no slave ancestors. My Polish/Russian Jewish father has no ancestors who owned slaves.

Even if we pretend that the guilt can be transmitted through the generations, it still wouldn't make sense for all whites to pay reparations to all blacks.

Holy crap, Arjun, you seriously think wealth can manage to stay intact for 150 years? How did the Jews and Asians become rich if wealth can stay intact for that long? In Sweden, which, as Tyler points out, has pretty high wealth inequality, adopted children's wealth is only associated with non-birth parent's wealth at r=.23.
http://slatestarcodex.com/2015/08/02/stalin-and-summary-statistics/
Do you have any thoughts regarding genetics as an explanation for average differences in characteristics between races?

"The historical process is clear: freed slaves were given no compensation, land, or wealth, many were forced to sharecrop for former slaveholders and masters, and the Southern pro-slavery elite managed to regain their power after the failure of Reconstruction. This was then followed by Jim Crow laws and segregation, state-sanctioned discrimination and violence and terror against Black people that consistently destroyed attempts at self-development"
-Much like the Chinese in the U.S.
"So there is a pretty clear and well-documented mechanism by which slavery’s ramifications are still present today, in addition to all the subsequent iterations of racist policies. - See more at: http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2015/08/friday-assorted-links-26.html#comment-158524663"
-LOL. America is institutionally anti-racist, and has been since the 1970s.

The antebellum South was far poorer tahn the North. Its one of the reasons they lost since they lacked the iron mills and railroads of the North.

What wealth there was in the South was mainly destroyed or consumed in the war.

The South continued to be the poorest part of the US, even now after decades of economic growth.

Yet we are to believe that US wealth was largely created by blacks and stolen from them.

@ Cooper, Harding, Bob

There seems to be a serious lack of understanding here with regards to historical process. I would recommend the following two articles: one that address the long, exploitative history that the USA has had with Black people, and another that addresses the tiresome "model minority" myth around Asian Americans.

http://www.theatlantic.com/features/archive/2014/05/the-case-for-reparations/361631/

https://www.jacobinmag.com/2015/07/chua-changelab-nakagawa-model-minority/

Capital is in a constant process of recirculation and recycling--so of course the wealth extracted from slaves is not "intact", capital is never kept "intact". But this doesn't deny the long-standing and continuing process in American political economy of marginalizing Black people.

In my mind, any struggle for "reparations" should not be a vulgar Whites-must-pay-Blacks-X-dollars, but rather recognize the synthesis between struggles against racism and struggles against economic inequality--that is to say, recognize that issues of race usually boils down to populations lacking control in economic sectors. In this sense, the struggle for "reparations" coincides with a more general "class struggle to seize the means of production", so to speak. This is quite nice, since it unites poor White people with poor Black people in a more generalized struggle for democracy and equality. We saw glimpses of this type of struggle during the '60s, when the Black Panther Party and the Young Patriots Organization were closely aligned and fought against state violence and economic marginalization.

@Arjun

Yes, I read the case for reparations. It's crap, as it ignores everything that came after desegregation in the 1970s. If you don't focus on improvements (and deprovements!) that came after the end of The Man Keeping Everybody Down, you'll never get anywhere with your proposals. The B-W test score gap closed a little in the 1970s, but no further. I satirized the case in my Strange Utopia:
http://againstjebelallawz.wordpress.com/2015/07/04/a-strange-utopia/

"This is quite nice, since it unites poor White people with poor Black people in a more generalized struggle for democracy and equality. - See more at: http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2015/08/friday-assorted-links-26.html#comments"
-Communism in Madagascar, Benin, and Ethiopia+Eritrea was such a success! Also, the battle against interethnic economic inequality in Actually Existing Communism was a sham. Northern Europe remained rich; the southerly regions (including North Korea!) remained poor.

"In this sense, the struggle for “reparations” coincides with a more general “class struggle to seize the means of production”, so to speak. - See more at: http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2015/08/friday-assorted-links-26.html#comments"

-I have seen very, very few Blacks care about seizing the means of production. I have seen many, many Blacks talking a great deal about seizing the means of consumption.
The model minority stereotype is truth, and has been since Chinese and Japanese slaves were purchased by Portuguese.

"Yet even in tech and other fields in which they are purported to “dominate,” Asians consistently make less than their white counterparts. A 2012 report from the Economic Policy Institute found that they were also more likely to be laid off during the recession and slower to find jobs than whites in comparable positions."

-When you achieve beyond IQ, as East Asians do, there's likely to become a tension between your comparatively low IQ and your high achievements. It's not capitalism, it's genetics and culture. And that Jacobin article was crap and did nothing to challenge my assertions.

"That these roles sound like stereotypes indicates how business continues to use powerful racist stereotypes to segment and exploit workers and how sweeping categories like “Asian” hide deep class divisions."

-Uh, no, it indicates how imitative East Asians tend to be, a fact which has been known since at least the 19th century. A celebrity taught Vietnamese refugees to paint nails, and the Vietnamese refugees imitated the heck out of that idea.

If we're seriously discussing reparations for blacks then we need to also talk about the black minority that are descended from black and white American slave owners as well as the descendants of African elites who directly benefited from the Atlantic slave trade. I'm sure genealogical analysis will show a disproportionate fraction of the current African American elites who always push for affirmative action and reparations owe substantially more reparations than the average Southerner.

But for slavery, far fewer Africans would have ended up in America. Their descendants now enjoy 1st world living standards. So let's offer the reparations crowd one-way tickets to Africa where they will be free of legacy of American slavery and can enjoy the poverty, disease, inequality, and autocracy that dominate Africa.

Really I do not see whites dominating blacks in the USA nor do I see blacks acting like they are dominated. Enlighten me please. I am open to changing my mind.

I think a lot of analysis that came out after the Ferguson riots is very useful to read. Tabarrok had a few good posts, like this one: ( http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2015/03/the-ferguson-kleptocracy.html )

Ferguson and St. Louis in general is a particularly egregious example of how institutions of policing repress Black people; but one thing to keep in mind is that I'm using "dominate" here not in the sense of individuals being violent toward other individuals, but on the systemic level: because of the history of discrimination and racism, White people are on average better off than Black people economically (i.e. the median White household has 16 times the wealth of the median Black household [ http://www.forbes.com/sites/laurashin/2015/03/26/the-racial-wealth-gap-why-a-typical-white-household-has-16-times-the-wealth-of-a-black-one/ ] ), and this leads to inequalities in politics as well--and in some circumstances, this political/economic inequality evolves into outright exploitation and violence, like in St.Louis/Ferguson.

When the St. Louis police force was actually racist (the 1970s), St. Louis was known for being one of the few hollowed-out urban cores that didn't riot during the 1960s. Inequalities in politics are rare when it comes to Black-majority areas in America. And it's not because of the history of discrimination and racism, Arjun! It's because of genetics and culture.

Arjun here is an interesting related podcast. In it they make the case that blacks do better as a minority in school. It also makes a case that many blacks prefer white majority schools. Now one could contend that it is just due to a lack of funding for black majority schools, but that is not touched on much in this podcast. If you were black would you want to go to school were the group that dominates you is the majority?
http://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/562/the-problem-we-all-live-with

From Wikipedia:

Neo-Nazism is a growing political force in Mongolia. From 2008, Mongolian Neo-Nazi groups have defaced buildings in Ulan Bator, smashed Chinese shopkeepers' windows, and killed pro-Chinese Mongols. The Neo-Nazi Mongols' targets for violence are Chinese, Koreans,[119] Mongol women who sleep with Chinese men, and LGBT people.[120] They wear Nazi uniforms and revere the Mongol Empire and Genghis Khan. During World War II, the invading Nazi Germans also recruited Mongol Kalmyks to fight for them against the Soviet Union. Though Tsagaan Khass leaders say they do not support violence, they are self-proclaimed Nazis. "Adolf Hitler was someone we respect. He taught us how to preserve national identity," said the 41-year-old co-founder, who calls himself Big Brother. "We don't agree with his extremism and starting the Second World War. We are against all those killings, but we support his ideology. We support nationalism rather than fascism." Some have ascribed it to poor historical education.[119]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-Nazism#Mongolia

A modestly famous female Nazi writer referred to Genghis Khan as a "man in time" and Hitler as a "man against time". Both Hitler and Temujin were kinda similar in their conquests. The main difference was when Hitler was around, the USSR was unified. So, while kinda surprising (very fringe European ideas in the East!), this isn't inexplicable.

Yeah, right. You owe Iranians money for destroying Persepolis.The original amount has been compounding for around 2,200 hears (I'm too lazy to look that up). Since I'm 1/1024 Iranian, please wire me my share (about $2MM, give or take).

'years', or cource, not 'hears'. And E.H. beat me to it...

Also, do you seriously think that profit managed to stay intact for 150 years?

Next time we get asked to fight a war to prevent Germany from realizing its natural role as dominant nation on the Continent, we just point out you agreed to the EU.

Did you forget Maryland was a slave state (plunging IQ?) or just never know it (not so bright to begin with)?

Google 'Mason Dixon line' numbnuts.

Maryland has been gentrified as DC has become more important and Whiter.

Reparations founder on so many practical issues that it is impossible to believe that anyone suggesting them is serious. Instead, each must be seeking to increase the status of some group (those most purely 'victim') and decrease the status of another ('perpetrators" or anyone who can be considered "their ilk").

Doesn't matter if your ancestors were Germans who hid Jews, or Ohioans who smuggled escaped slaves, you are still "ilk" and to be devalued.

And yes, it is ironic that there are Ohioan descendants of abolitionists out there now who support the Confederate battle flag. Talk about making yourself "ilk" voluntarily.

So if you want to go track down every descendent of slave owners and extract restitution I have no real objection, but if you are using that basis what is your justification for extracting money from those who did not participate in the slave economy?

But if you want I can certainly live with a hunt for all descendants of slavers and an extraction of restitution. I think I might even enjoy it, I have known too many rich old money Southerners who love to lecture other people about slavery and yet have houses in Natchez that have been in their family since Aaron Burr. Think of it as a wedge to drive into the GOP's Southern Fortress.

You can tell working class white southerners we aren't going after you, just those people who patronize you. Sure all the genteel types will whine about leaving those Snopes with all their money while you destroy Sewanee Alumni, but then no Snopes every needed slaves to raise capital.

Rich Southern Landholder - "I'm sorry, you'll have to wait on your check, until after I receive the reparations from the Normans that conquered my ancestors estate in 1066."

Rich French Landholder = "I'm sorry, you'll have to wait on your check, until after I receive the reparations from the Romans that conquered my ancestors estate in 58 BC."

Rich Roman Landholder = "I'm sorry, you'll have to wait on your check, until after I receive the reparations from the Greeks that conquered my ancestors estate in 800 BC."

Rich Greek Landholder = "I'm sorry, the Germans took all my money."

Re Nazi reparations, they did not take my family's money but certain old family members lives (they were too old to run away). I actually know what SS units were involved and have corresponded with some Germans who were indirectly involved. Rather not get into it here as it crosses over into my real indentity. Suffice to say I'm not that serious about reparations since I already made it (my family did) in the USA, and I doubt Germans have any money to give me, as most of them are much poorer than me. But Arjun makes a good point about the 'heavy hand of history' (French historian F. Braudel's phrase). A study found the Potosi silver mines of Bolivia had an effect on child poverty even 400 years after they were closed (I speculate it's because Pb/Ag are found together, so you have possible lead poisoning). Likewise, Jim Crow had an effect on US blacks (I find them dumber and more violent than African blacks). Finally, a thought on racism: unless you are willing to marry another race, you are essentially racist. We all are to a degree. Peace!

Conspicuous by its absence is any mention of the native Americans in this discussion, who lost their land and lives in the establishment of the land of the free and the home of the brave, a far worse end than that of the slaves.

Fortunately, my family migrated to the US after the civil war. I don't owe a dime.

From where, and when did THEY abolish slavery? (At a guess, you are either owed serf restitution, or owe someone else. But then that's why this is all madness.)

Wonder what happened to those slave collateral loans after the war. Would 19th century loans have had conditional collateral terms? If the note was due or the debtor stopped paying on the loan after the passage of the 13th Amendment, was there a recourse for the creditor? I would imagine not, if there was no other collateral mentioned. Even if there was, maybe all of these contract involving slaves in any way were just considered null and void.

North Korea is also said to have created a new time zone.

3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Monument_Syndrome

Interesting that the article about Russians and reading keeps making the comparison between Moscow and Paris. No other comparison. Also kind of interesting is the comment about Putin's opposition to the trading fee and not having much impact -- seems a bit out of sync with the image of him portayed in western press.

@#4 -Russian is the second-most-used language on the Internet. Coincidence?

I found it interesting that ebooks won't catch on or are only lightly supported by publishers in Russia because of piracy. Could be a trend in other places w/ piracy issues.

Russia is notorious for piracy. This may be a relic of 90s culture, or it may be some deeper trait in the Russian people. Zero surprise here.

School district officials calculated the shortfall assuming a salary increase for teachers...The school system also is required to put an additional $46 million into teacher retirement and health benefits next year.

-There's your problem right there.

By some estimates the best public school system in the United States. You don't get that way (or stay that way) without spending a lot of money.

Per Wiki, the school district is the county's largest employer, followed by the federal government, followed by the county government. After that, its GMU and defense contractors.

63% white, 17% Asian as well.

Looks like a nice place to be a libertarian academic.

LMAO. Median household income -- $104K, median home value $496K GTFO. No wonder these people think immigration is the greatest thing since their remote garage door openers.

If they think they have budget problems now, wait til local gov'ts start to provide additional layers of multilingual health care, day care, public health, education, transportation and public safety services for a million newly arrived poor people from foreign countries.

Great restaurants though.

#3 - this is probably a good idea. The government schools can provide the classrooms and labs for scholastic education and parents can organize and fund their children's extra-curricular activities (and facilities, and insurance) themselves.

Increasing class sizes would be the obvious big-ticket item in any rational school board's budget cut list.

But by 5 not 1!

One of the interesting things about that Fairfax school budget story is the part that athletics were the most expensive thing "not mandated by law".

They were talking about federal mandates. The most expensive federal mandate is IDEA, the requirement that all disabled students get a free and appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment. One of the problems for Republican politicians pushing ed policy changes is that the ones they're excited about don't excite the public. I wrote about repealing IDEA here: https://educationrealist.wordpress.com/2015/08/06/education-policy-proposal-3-repeal-idea/

Other federal mandates involve closing the achievement gap, which can't be done, and limiting the remedial courses kids can take in high school. Wrote about that here: https://educationrealist.wordpress.com/2015/08/02/education-policy-proposal-2-stop-kneecapping-high-schools/

It isn't mandated if they don't take the swag and if the state government does not require them to take the swag.

Regarding #5, your post cites San Francisco but note the German provenance.

I'm so sick of these lazy, unemployed, low-IQ, border-hopping Hamburgers pissing all over San Francisco. Send 'em back to Dresden so we can bomb it all to hell again.

+1. Only a dead Hamburger is a tasty Hamburger.

Your hamburger purchase includes a reparation to the cow's family. Moo.

btw shouldn't they just build more toilets?

#6. Reading about the politics of passing any-sex marriage in New York, it was notable how often the word “girlfriend” came up in connection with the elected officials at the center of the action. Governor Cuomo was only one of several middle-aged co-habitors running that state.

3. Should Fairfax schools cut all sports and activities?

Yes and so should all the other high schools and colleges with sports teams. Let high schoolers use AAU and let the college spin off there teams and sell them. The current system is far from optimal.

That makes perfect sense to anyone not part of the fan base. The problem we have, however, is the problem color blind people have in gardens and portrait galleries. We just don't get it, and never will.

# 6. One newspaper quoted the congressman in the story as providing his own model: "This is how to do a control burn"

I really want to know this about "reparations"

1. Who are the eligible claimants? (e.g. Who should get the reparations?)
2. What is the formula for deciding the amount to be paid to each eligible claimant?
3. Once we pay out that amount, can we end all affirmative-action programs for this group?
4. Can we treat it as a one-time, all claims settled type of system, and end all 'poverty alleviation' programs such as welfare, HUD, food stamps, etc., for that group?

It really is all about blood and soil, much as we pretend it isn't. This doesn't end well.

Who's pretending? Is Ta-Nehisi Coates promoting the idea that the black population is defined by something else?

(1) clientele populous enough and organized enough to force the issue; they'll write the sob stories as needed (2) (ratio of clientele to total population) x total assets other than human capital x (1 - extant ratio of client assets to total assets). (3) of course not. (4) of course not.

#5. Just pee at an angle to the wall.

Well then you can add "indecent exposure" to the charge. But I assume, this is less of a concern in "public-peeing hotspots" in general.

#6 Bizarrely hilarious.

Three.

" The school system also is required to put an additional $46 million into teacher retirement and health benefits next year."

That comes out $246 for the year for each student in the system.

Instead of cutting sports, why not cut administrators. Each administrator should be put in charge of a revenue generating position and pay for him/her self. Otherwise cut the bums.

Comments for this post are closed