The rise of coup-proofing in Turkey?

Go to this link, and click on “Coup-proofing in Turkey.”  (Or try here.)  It is a recent 2006 account of what the Turkish government has tried to do to make the country coup-proof, by Gokhan Bacik and Sammas Salur.  They tried many institutional changes toward that end.  Here is one paragraph:

In terms of coup-proofing, the first issue is the military aspect. Gül is now the commander of the armed forces. First of all, any high level military appointment requires his consent. All major military appointments and promotions also require his official endorsement. Yet, the traditional alliance between the president and the army against the government was dissolved. In the past, the corridor between the army and the president worked so far as an instrument of influence over the political elites. The formula “army plus the president”, to remind six of the former presidents were generals, put the government into a restricted zone. Thus, by the fall of presidency, the officers lost a very important historical corridor that kept them legally in the political game. Now, putting aside a third costly option they should either obey the president or stop. Ironically, as a result of this situation, weekly meetings are scheduled between the prime minister and chief of staff as no routine tête-à-tête meeting ever took place before. The lack of such a regular meeting in the past was basically the army’s autonomous position. Gül’s presidency, a man out of the traditional Kemalist quota, weaken the traditional role of army vis a vis political elites.

It doesn’t seem it worked!  The paper nonetheless makes for interesting reading.  It talks about increasing power for the courts, changes to the intelligence services, increasing reliance on the police, and other attempted coup-proofing strategies in Turkey.  Note that in the past Turkish military coups have been relatively bloodless and swift; we’ll see if that is still the case.  If things do turn violent, which seems at least possible given what I am right now seeing on my TV screen, that suggests in some cases “coup-proofing” may be overrated.


How did Turkish presidents fare after previous coups?

Seems like a major failure that they let Erdogan get out...

I'm still trying to decipher that paragraph.

Boris Johnson to the rescue !

Gul and Erdogan had a falling out and he's been out of power for a year or two...

Remove Ergogan and his muslim brotherhood 5th column! Go coup!!

The coup proofing might have worked after all- it appears the coup failed.

Looks like it. In any picture and video I saw I could not see a single woman in the street. The crowds are all men. Some democracy. Half the population is afraid to go out in the street.

Agreed. Amazingly, the civilian police have apparently arrested more than 750 rebellious soldiers and held there ground in armed battles with rebellious soldiers. It also appears that only two parts of the military (some of the Air Force and the gendarmes) participated in the coup, leaving other soldiers to counter them.

Notably, coups are correlated with smaller rather than larger military forces, basically because the larger and more divided into subgroups the military is, the harder it is for the military to organize collective action in the covert manner that is necessary.

If you want a country to be coup-proof, add a 2nd amendment.

You're dropping my comment because it's too long!... what a bunch of idiots!
Please!... no emails!

Gotta give Steve Sailer some credit here, he's been talking about the Gulen cult for a while....

As the dust settles, it seems that this accusation from Turkey's President had no basis in reality.

Who can really know? It's quite literally Byzantine.

LATEST: Gülenists donated heavily to Hillary Clinton:

A Turkish TV segment about Gülen’s vast and fortified residence in the Poconos:


Steve Sailer has been talking about the Gulen cult for some time. The reporting from Turkey is rather unclear. However, Gulenists do appear to be implicated (in many, but not all reports). See "Turkey's coup: An expert tries to explain what the hell is going on". I have little or no respect for Ezra Klein. However, Dani Rodrik is Turkish (and his wife is the daughter of a former senior general). Rodrik (who strongly oppose Erdogan) does not attribute the coup to the Gulenists. However, he does state

"Erdogan and his has allies blame the coup on a Gulenist cabal within the military. Fetullah Gulen is a US-based cleric who was once allied with Erdogan. Since their split, Erdogan has gone after Gulenists with a venom – declaring them a parallel state within the state (not too far from the truth)."

I would offer the standard "time will tell" commentary here. However, in Turkey the truth may never come out.

As is normal in this sort of thing, certain people are responsible and the people Erdogan hates will be punished. Certainly there is some, but not complete, overlap between the two.


Dani Rodrik appears to have increased his estimate of Gulenist involvement. See "Turkey’s Baffling Coup" by Dani Rodrik over at Project Syndicate.

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