Saturday assorted links

1. “”Globally more and more men and women are stepping away from clinical (medical) sperm donation environments and choosing to find each other through online connection websites such as the UK-based PrideAngel through which we conducted our study,” said Mr Whyte, from the QUT Business School.”  Link here.

2. Does linguistic bias limit English-speaking investment into Quebec?

3. Have I mentioned that is a great place to read about China?  And on Twitter.

4. Cops should get more sleep.

5. How a (John Cochrane) paper gets published.


#2 -- bias! Or could it be that Quebec has had, for decades, the best of both worlds : heavy regulatory burdens combined with a special type of lawlessness that is not seen in the rest of the G8?

Wait, I know the answer: those evil hedge fund managers who only care about profits and nothing else are secretly racists. Even more amazing no one picks up these hundred dollar bills lying around. I'll pick up my humanities PhD now.

"Special type of lawlessness that is not seen in the rest of the G8"? Please elaborate.

Simple Googling yields a number of results. Wikipedia has a good starter article.

These only give a taste, of course. To truly understand the influence of the Mafia and the random gangs one would have to live in that cesspool.

Perhaps Italy is comparable in the G8, but I've never lived there so I have no 1st hand experience.

When I search "wikipedia lawless Quebec", I find "Lac Lawless", so I'd still appreciate a more specific reference.

Anyway, the mafia in Quebec is no worse than in New York. The Hell's Angels are thugs, but something you read about, not encounter. Wikipedia gives the 2012 homicide rate as 1.34 per 100 000 residents -- what is it where you live?

Quebec is a wonderful place to live, no cesspool; that is why I chose to move here.

Sorry to be late returning to the conversation.

#2 - I think this paper is simply highlighting the well known "home equity bias" which for English speakers would mean they don't consider Quebec 'home' despite the dual language requirement on all paperwork, prospectus filings, etc.

Bonus trivia: I once sat next to a Quebec guy in DC for social gathering and only with great reluctance did he speak English. You could tell he did not want to speak English at all, but only did so to communicate the minimum needed for me. It's a religion, nationalism is, and keep in mind nationalism is distinguished from patrician loyalism-local-ism by the fact the former is a mass movement, been around only for the last almost 200 years, while the latter is instinctual and been around forever (loyalty to the Big Man in the village, rather than 'your country').

I haven't been to Quebec for a couple of decades, but I thought that there was no legal requirement in Quebec to draw up paperwork in English. The only requirement was that all contracts be drawn up in French, and IIRC only if (all?) parties request the contract in English is it legal (?) to do so. But I am not a lawyer.

Contracts are valid in either French or English. Courts, both provincial and federal functions in both. Both languages are taught in school and some proficiency in the other language is required to graduate from high school. And for those who graduate from university, anyone going to a franco university in anything remotely technical must de facto be proficient in English.

Sounds like some extreme whitewashing and parsing going on.

Contracts must be drawn up in French. Is this not the letter of your 'charter of the French language"? Both languages are taught in school? French education is mandatory unless a special exemption applies ( see ). As for your last "point", francaphones had better start contributing more to global science.

M. Giguere gives the more accurate picture. Yes, all elementary and high school students must study in French (unless a parent went to school in Canada in English), but the French curriculum includes classes in English.

Contracts are valid in either language, and the courts function in both languages. There is currently a criminal case for a train accident; some of the defendants are anglophone, some francophone, so not just the judge and the lawyers but the jurors are required to be bilingual.

Regarding francophone scientific research, I will only say that Tremblay at Polytechnique and Paultre at Sherbrooke are top researchers in my own field.

That guy was not some crazy idiot. He was unsure of his ability to speak, not counting the fact that he may have been told to "speak white" once too often, as was the case till not that long ago.

The Anglo-Saxon tries to subject the Latin, but, as Italian leader Mussolini famously pointed out, the tuxedo barely disguises the savage Caesar triumphed over and brought culture to.

Does no link to WiIl equal weekend complacency?

#3 that was great, thanks. Only one Baizuo article on the front page, a welcome change from the western press.

#3 is good, but I find it might be fake news. For example, their article on Chinese divorce says only about 3% of Chinese divorce, which I find hard to believe. Maybe it's like however the Philippines, where technically divorce rates are zero, only annulment is legally recognized.

#6 - "Anyone doing research on zero bound in new-Keynesian models in the last 4 years, and carrying on this conversation, interacted with the working paper version of my paper (if at all), not the published version. Any work relying only on published research is hopelessly out of date."

This is why I am not worried about non-refereed fields like law. Get the stuff published, keep the conversation going. Mistakes happen. We have books for perfect, longer-lasting versions.

#5. Good read (for someone interested in the academic publication process). What Cochran describes about this process in Economics is also true for Mathematics, except perhaps for "any work relying only on published research is hopelessly out of date": the time scale in math is much bigger.

The difference is that policy makers don't believe in economists anymore (if they ever did, arguably pols got Keynesianism wrong, as it requires a balanced budget during good years and only deficit spending in bad years), so whatever Cochran says is irrelevant to policymakers, for better (probably) or worse (doubtful, given monetarism and even fiscal policy is largely neutral in their real effects on the economy; a zero sum game at best, arguably a drag on the economy at worst).

#4 I'm going to be that guy. Why is it never mentioned that implicit bias may in fact be rational for police given different rates of crime correlated by race?

It's not difficult to see why it's a problem. How many random traffic stops involve people who have any real chance of shooting a police officer? I don't know. Maybe 1 in 100,000 as a guess. Now let's say people who look Korean are more likely to be hepped up on illegal long socks and K-pop and so are twice as likely to shoot a police officer. The chance chance goes from 1 in 100,000 to 2 in 100,000. In other words racial appearance is useless on a human scale for determining the amount of threat a police officer faces. If a police officer feels under threat just from hearing K-pop coming from a car stereo, then a lot of perfectly innocent Koreans are likely to get shot when police fear results in a dangling good luck charm on a rear view mirror being mistaken for a Glock 23.

The problem then is the shooting, not the bias right? Are there any proxies for likelihood to be a threat that are acceptable for use? How accurate should they be before they can be used?

Not sure what you mean by acceptable for use. Police can respond with deadly force to protect their own lives or the lives of others. Trouble is, if your police are human beings then they can and will make mistakes. Plenty of people have been shot because the police thought a mobile phone or other innocuous item was a weapon. Humans can suffer form bias and we know this can affect the likelihood they will perceive a weapon when there is none.

I mean is there any proxy for threat level that should be accepted? For example, if people with neck tattoos are more likely to violently encounter police officers, should we accept a higher rate of innocent people with neck tattoos being mistakenly accosted by police officers than for the general population?

Where I am random police stops are not really a thing. I don't really see how that would be an effective way to police. And if it is effective then something has probably gone terribly wrong.

But as far as physical characteristics commonly possessed by criminals go, the two big ones are being young and being male.

"Those informal donors with less extroverted and lively personalities, who are more intellectual, shy, and systematic, realize more offspring via informal donation"

Suggest you read Qiu Ziaolong to understand socialist paradise of China.

OT: Why Tiger Mum works

"""Persistence (grit), above and beyond IQ, is associated with long-term academic outcomes. To look at the effect of adult models on infants’ persistence, we conducted an experiment in which 15-month-olds were assigned to one of three conditions: an Effort condition in which they saw an adult try repeatedly, using various methods, to achieve each of two different goals; a No Effort condition in which the adult achieved the goals effortlessly; or a Baseline condition. Infants were then given a difficult, novel task. Across an initial study and two preregistered experiments (N = 262), infants in the Effort condition made more attempts to achieve the goal than did infants in the other conditions. Pedagogical cues modulated the effect. The results suggest that adult models causally affect infants’ persistence and that infants can generalize the value of persistence to novel tasks."""

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