Sunday assorted links


2. 'The amount of $100 bills in circulation is surging.' Well, it is probably one of the cheaper ways to paper over the fact that the federal government spends more than it takes in.

Bitcoin is not the currency of choice for criminals, the C-note is, though I will say I was impressed by the can of 500 € notes I found in my Greek uncle's place when he was going senile (but, says my lawyer, always say he was NOT yet senile and KNEW what he was doing when he assigned all his non-cash wealth to me; RIP uncle, he died a while ago in a pitiful, unsanitary but supposedly high-end--ha!--nursing home). Such a small can can hold a large fortune.

Bonus trivia: GM Ken Rogoff wrote a book on this topic, "The Curse of Cash". Making cash illegal, as Rogoff wants, is not so much to deny the criminal element but more to allow for negative interest rates, for those crazy people (monetarists, and Ben Cole, Brian Donahue, Scott Sumner, others) who think money is not neutral.

Very interesting.

Large-denomination Federal Reserve notes have never been formally recalled, demonetized, or otherwise declared worthless.

The last high-denomination bills were printed in the 1934 series. In July 1969 the Federal Government suspended the distribution of high-value bills through the banking system as a way to help combat organized crime. At that time the Treasury established a policy of "soft withdrawal." That is, bills above $100 are still considered to be legal tender and people are allowed to own them or spend them; however, any any that are turned in at a bank must be sent back to the Treasury. Over the last 40+ years that policy has effectively removed all $500 and larger bills from circulation.

Did you have any problems?

Sorry, I see they are euros. What is the EU's policy on high value bills?

No problems with the Euros, which were actually shrink wrapped in bricks, with a bank paper wrapper around each brick, straight from the Greek bank. But I had problems with the same type shrink wrapper $20 bills, which had to be photographed, each and every one laid out on the photocopy scanner glass, since they were 'old-style' $20 bills, I am guessing for anti-counterfeit purposes. My uncle had a lot of these $20 bills and the hapless bank employee told us later he had to stay overnight for a long time, collecting overtime to be sure, to properly photocopy all the bills.

Hi there, the whole thing is going well here and ofcourse every one is sharing
facts, that's truly excellent, keep up writing.

One of my favorite things that I stumbled across when I was a kid reading the encyclopedia was an image of the largest US paper denomination, a $100,000 bill. The president on the bill was Woodrow Wilson. He was president when the Fed was created so it makes sense in that light.

You do know that that is not how government creates money anymore, right?

You do know that the joke was in 'paper over' right? OK, not that great a pun, especially if it needs to be explained.

I thought it was one of your best comments and actually chuckled a little. Then again, I do enjoy a good pun.

#5 - doping in bridge, this caught my eye: "While it’s unclear why Helgemo was using testosterone and what sort of advantage it would confer to a bridge player, a study found “winners of chess tournaments show higher T levels than do losers.”" - CLASSIC example of correlation is not causation. The same mistake was made by Floyd Landis when he won the Tour de France but was disqualified for taking T. It turns out, T is useful for building mass IN TRAINING but NOT during competition. Landis (and others) thought otherwise, and gulped shots of T during the race. If Landis had not done this, he still would have won (though you could argue shots of T were a necessary placebo, but, if that's the case, Landis' coach should have given him unsweetened tea and told him it was T). Same with this bridge player he did not need T to concentrate.

Bonus trivia: the chess community foolishly wants to become an Olympic (TM) sport and has for years now mandated random drug tests, which some GMs have refused to take. The drugs they test for aren't known to increase concentration and memory. The one drug that is possibly useful for chess, Adderall, for ADD, probably does work but to date is not tested.

I didn't know there was above to make chess an Olympic sport.

This is exactly the foolishness that led to Helgemo's problem. Some bridge officials also want the game to become an Olympic sport, and adopted anti-doping rules in international events, despite their irrelevance to bridge. The rules apply only, I think, to events sponsored by the World Bridge Federation, which organizes world championship competition. They do not apply to North American tournaments nor, I think to those sponsored by other national or transnational organizations.

I know several people who would like Bridge to be an olympic sport, but under interrogation their chief argument comes down to the supposition that it would boost Scandinavian medal counts. Norwegians, I tell ya!

You're gonna want plenty of extra T for all those chess groupies hanging around the tournament

1. Insufficient information to tell whether the rate of pedestrian accidents involving SUVs rose faster than the rate of growth of SUV ownership.

And after showing that, the problem might be that the manner in which the SUVs are driven or by whom that explains the rise. For example, people who drive pickups and SUVs demonstrably drive their vehicles more like weapons than transportation. They go for intimidation factor. That is, it isnt the pickup or SUV that is dangerous, but the standard drivers side dirtbag behind the wheel.

Women are buying more SUVs, and being shorter in average they have less capability to see from and handle these vehicles. Their large size means added training is necessary to drive properly.

Put another way, the marginal drivers of SUVs are changing their characteristics. The average weight of a vehicle by itself should also increase damage given accident since higher mass at the same velocity imparts more energy.

But I think pedestrians are being far more distracted than they used to be. They are also becoming more indignant, believing that the white lines are a magic force field protecting them from damage. Younger people are bringing their entitled attitudes into intersections, and they can have "But I had the right of way" carved into their tombstones. I was taught as a kid, and I teach my girls, that cars are a ton of rolling metal that will kill them if they don't get out of the car's way.


And the proposed solution from article:

"In order to reduce pedestrian fatalities, Wu and Cicchino recommended enhancing pedestrian infrastructure — with physical improvements like road diets, pedestrian bulb-outs, signalized mid-block crossings, and more sidewalks"

Increase congestion! Road diet is supposed to be part of the solution!!!

How about physically separation cars from pedestrians. Thousands of years ago, humans invented something called bridges, and they can allow pedestrians to cross roads, while carts are still driving!

From (1): "U.S. auto safety regulators have never imposed auto safety standards for the benefit of pedestrians"
Yet changing this is not part of their proposed solution. Why not?

Because it is neither possible nor efficient.

Let's see...SUV's increased as a percentage of cars on the road and wait for it... the number of people hit by SUV's increased. Hmmmm. Can this really be that difficult to understand???

they can have "But I had the right of way" carved into their tombstones.

The idea is older than SUV's. I remember this from my youth.

"Here lies the body of Michael O'Day.
He died maintaining his right of way.
His right was clear, his will was strong,
But he's just as dead as if he'd been wrong."

> dirtbag behind the wheel.

Ain't no bigot like an urban bigot!

I was just coming back from from a hike, along a two lane road. I was facing oncoming traffic as one should when a big Cadillac SUV came by on the other side and whipped around a tight turn. I was like (1) that's why you face traffic. Trust no one. See them coming. And (2) why is it always the *Cadillac* SUVs? Most likely to kill somebody in my experience.

Note that they had just seen me, the example pedestrian, on the other side. Did care, whipped the blind corner.

Maybe as a frequent walker I should give you my estimate. Out of ten cars, 4 considerate, 3 clueless but somewhat safe, 2 clueless unsafe, 1 dangerous ass.

As a frequent driver (of a mid-size car, not an SUV): out of 10 pedestrians, 4 cautious, 3 obey the law but still step into a crosswalk in front of a moving vehicle that may not be able to stop in time, 2 step in front of a moving vehicle not in a crosswalk, 1 doesn't know what are car is. Half of them are looking at their phones.

...what a car is. There should be an edit feature.

I get you. I see unsafe people out there, but we should expect that the vulnerable/invulnerable divide shows up in behavior.

Anyone who walks into a crosswalk without looking is semi-suicidal.

Though a beach city technique is to use your peripheral vision and pretend not to look. Otherwise the flow of traffic may not yield.

The worst are sidewalk bicyclists who roll in to 4-way from a direction no one expects. They are the flip side of Escalades. God help 'em when the two meet.

Agree with (1) that's why you face traffic. That was standard when I was a kid for walking and biking. Then came the 'we're part of traffic' crap that is significantly less safe.

"I was just coming back from from a hike ..." ...drinking kombucha and eating an organic, gmo-free sprout sandwich when " a big Cadillac SUV" driven by a man weraing a MAGA hat "came by on the other side and whipped around a tight turn ... why is it always the *Cadillac* SUVs ...".

It must be because of all those troglodyte, MAGA, "Buy American" Trumpsters.

No SF Bay Area lefty is safe as long as those MAGAmen are allowed life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

Fortunately, we have people trying to make sure we do what they think is good for us. They mean well ...

Too bad you weren't there. You could have had that meltdown in the middle of the road.

I have many meltdowns left. I don't even have to save one for the DNC! :)

Except the chart showed that most of the accidents, and also most of the growth, occurred at night and not at intersections

I do agree theres a crisis of pedestrians who dont even glance up to see if i notice them or if im gonna stop.

Sometimes i pop it in neutral and rev just for fun

My father’s favorite restaurant was the Hard Rock Casino at Foxwoods.
He said, “there are a lot of bartenders that never learn subtext. And it’s funny—so often that’s what makes one important. I mean understanding. How can you help someone without being charitable? And even if you could, you couldn’t look at yourself in the mirror.
But I was a bartender for five years, and I can still say my prayers.
The first bar I worked at was called the Bourgeoise Pig: fancy cocktails in the East Village. My mother warned about horror stories, but I never really had any trouble. What appealed to was not so much the service, not the small talk, but the details: the cash, the doors, the shadows. The eternal loyalty of customers, especially folks who would never come back.

Might the demand for the $100 note have something to do with the possibility of negative interest yielding government bonds?

No, because returns on cash are even more negative than treasuries.

There would have to be another motive. However, you may be correct that the disincentive to holding cash might be smaller than it once was relative to treasuries.

People tend to hold cash for immediate spending needs, tax avoidance, or fear of financial collapse.

The number one export of North Korea is counterfeit $100 bills. I'm not sure whether they are counting counterfeits.

It is possible that $100 bills held by foreigners as protection from domestic inflation are being repatriated for some reason.

It’s a good idea to keep a bit of cash on hand - say enough for a tank of gas and a week’s groceries - although I’d suggest twenties rather than hundreds.

Visa and ATM systems arent supposed to go offline, but it’s cheap insurance in these days of cyber insecurity.

Also a semi-automatic rifle and at least a thousand rounds just in case of the zombie apocalypse. Don't laugh, zombies are real.
Follow any AOC tweet and you'll see!

When were you in my basement?

Corn on the cob menu....

Especially since many businesses are reticent about taking $50s and $100s. Aside from high counterfeit rates, it eats up their change.

#6 That map reminds me a bit of the medical dummies that show you the venous/arterial system.

I couldn't find a legend, but I guessed the red line are roads.

My impression is that they are railroads. Couple of indicators on the west coast. No 'roads' going east from San Diego. Also note that where the (now BNSF) enters Canada heading towards Vancouver, it suddenly heads east and then appears to head to Calgary -- but doesn't even go to Vancouver. A real railman might know better.

In northern Canada and Alaska it matches the (sparse) road network.

In the US, they are mostly Interstates, though not up-to-date. E.g., the map doesn't have I-49 south of Kansas City or I-86 across the "southern tier" of New York.

SUVs and pedestrians:
Another route could be that of “Shared-Space”, which argues for streets that have no traditional road markings, signs or traffic signals, and the distinction between ‘road’ and ‘pavement’ is blurred, all because "We're losing our capacity for socially responsible behavior... The greater the number of prescriptions, the more people's sense of personal responsibility dwindles... When you don't exactly know who has right of way, you tend to seek eye contact with other road users... You automatically reduce your speed, you have contact with other people and you take greater care."

The boundary between road and sidewalk is an example of good fences making good neighbors. Take that separation away and you are trying to rob drivers, for no valid reason, of the chance ever to go faster than walking speeds. Naturally they start scoffing at all laws. I would too.

It's one thing when there are sidewalks, it's another when city drivers get out on country roads and think they own the whole thing. That is not and has never been the country way. Old boys in pickups see you walking, they'll change lanes and give you the whole thing. Nobody coming, they'll cross over and do the same on two lane blacktop.

(I mentioned "clueless" drivers in my other comment above. Those are the ones who try to stay in the lane past a pedestrian, with no other cars visible in either direction. City drivers all their lives, I guess.)

#6 We had a world map wallpapered in my son's room when he was little. Took up a whole wall. Pretty neat to see the whole world in that much detail.

I oppose Herr Hitler's policies, but Berlin's public lavatories are so great.

#1 SUVs should be banned from urban areas or heavily taxed. As a rule, cars should be designed to protect other users first in case of accident, especially vulnerable ones (pedestrians, bikes). If you decide to drive you should bear the risks of your action.

Good luck with that, hun.

There is no car that will protect a pedestrian in case of a car-pedestrian collision. Even a Fiat 500 will kill you - check out the Italian accident statistics.

I'd rather be hit by a Fiat 500. Much higher chance to survive.

Oh Blaise, you should stick to card games and math.

Let's make SUVs out of recycled teddy bears.

#1. How odd, how distinctly odd, that not even Tyler himself can bear to name the actual culprit:

"Cell phone: an electronic communications appliance with which to demonstrate the inability to walk, cycle, or drive."

(That is: where are the stats that show us how many pedestrians and cyclists were killed using their cell phones by drivers driving attentively while using their cell phones?)

Cell phone use, especially texting, is just one of several behaviors that cause accidents and kill pedestrians but the others are basically ignored.

Nobody knows how many accidents involve pets running around in the passenger compartment. Children are required to be in specially designed and regulated safety seats to protect them and keep them out of the driver's hair but German shepherds are free to bounce around on the front seat next to someone speeding through traffic. No statistics are kept on accidents where dogs are in one of the cars. Inevitably they are the cause and victims of car accidents.

Millions of double-cheeseburgers are consumed daily by people ducking from one lane to another in their SUV. Yet no statistics are kept on how often ketchup is found dripping down an accident victim's shirt front when they're loaded into an ambulance.

As long as behavior like this is ignored, it can't be said that there's a real effort to limit automobile accidents.

Your welcome enlargement of the topic provokes this query, which does wander astray:

do each and every one of the specific behaviors you cite (driving + x, y, z, a, b, c . . .) constitute (each and every one) "the pursuit of rational self-interest"?

I concede the query could demand specific definitions of the terms "rational" and "self-interest", but I rely on common sense definitions to begin: I don't see why these behaviors would not all and each be deemed "pursuits of rational self-interest", however poorly applied the reason or however poor the understanding of self-interest.

Masochistic behavior can be called self-interest. Behavior that has negative effects on others, even if the result of rational self-interest, has a history of being regulated in all societies.

The posting concerns pedestrian deaths via SUV. Apparently this is limited to fur and featherless pedestrians with two legs. There are, however, travelers on the road who have more than two legs or if just two are covered with feathers. These innocent creatures are offered up as sacrifices to the god of the automobile during the course of excursions for a pack of cigarettes or a trip to the movies. While humans, many of them drivers, seem to have a concern for the well-being of animals in the abstract, particularly those that they are unlikely to ever encounter, such as pandas, seal pups and whales, those they are apt to see normally, rabbits, squirrels, ducks and geese, are flattened with momentary regret on the way to the mall, supposing that the protestant god has put them on earth only as something of use to humans.

Additionally, no statistics are kept on family pets that might wander onto the asphalt right-of-way and become sad memories for their owners. Maybe it's an advantage for children to experience the tragedy of the demise of Fluffy or Rex as preparation for the passing of Uncle Ralph or even Mommy, since dying is a fact of life in both the animal and human worlds.

I was just about to end it all when I read your uplifting post.

Thank you - I have been saved.

While I don't think Chuck is a genius, his comments sometimes lead me to doubt that conclusion.

#1 The problem I have with the conventional wisdom about pedestrian safety is that, ok, the raw number of pedestrian deaths are rising and of course that's bad. But a better measure would be deaths per thousand miles walked or something similar. We've had vehicle miles driven increase dramatically over this time period and also walking is on the rise. Both of these would cause pedestrian fatalities to increase some even if "pedestrian danger" is unchanged.

Also, oddly enough, deaths due to distracted driving are down or at least flat:

Yes, the few facts quasi-randomly spattered about in that article gave no impression that there was much logic behind the analysis. The impression may be unfair - maybe the writer is just a bit scatter-brained. Maybe he was on his phone while he was typing.

Interesting what gets labeled on that map. No Juarez or Tijuana, Roswell but not Las Cruces, Wichita Falls hit not Lubbock or Amarillo, Santo Domingo but not San Juan, etc.

It's the capitals.

If so, they omitted Ft. Pierre, South Dakota.

*Pierre (no "Ft.")

I am typing this from another capital they omitted, Jefferson City, MO (while showing Poplar Bluff?)

At the top, it says "America is a content, not a country." Since when is America a continent?

since about 300 million years ago?

Are you talking about North America?

Of course, North America is a continent.

This is Latin American propaganda. People from Mexico down through Argentina are offended when Americans (people from the USA) are called Americans. Latins say, "hey, we're Americans too." And they call the two continents just one, America. Everyone else in the world (including Canadians) recognizes that there are two continents, not one, and that the proper demonym for U.S. citizens is "Americans." Latins reverse this, calling U.S. citizens (but not Canadians, oddly) "norteamericanos." So, for them, America is the continent, and North America is the USA, sort of.

Oh, it's no longer PC to refer to 'America' as a country. Although I don't the think the PC police are likely to make much progress in changing the unfortunate, presumptuous name for the citizens of the country no-longer-to-be-referred-to-as-America. But maybe AOC can take a run at it.

Can't figure out how they determine which highways to show on that map. It seems to be mostly the Interstate Highway System, but occasionally you see something that isn't an interstate, such as US Route 1 to Key West.

Perhaps the makers are under the common misconception that I-95 continues to Key West, instead of ending in Miami?

Of course, Tyler routinely mistakenly refers to Interstate 66 as "Route 66" so this is probably lost on him.

Pretty much everyone in NoVa refers to 66 in a number of ways, most certainly including Rt 66. Though that is nothing compared to the number of ways Rt 123 or Rt 236 can be referred to depending on where one is located.

1. New cities are far less pedestrian friendly than old cities. That's in part because new cities are far more car focused than pedestrian focused; indeed, most new cities by design discourage pedestrians. Blaming SUVs is misplaced: the increased popularity of SUVs just coincided with the growth of new cities. I have a home in the low country, a popular destination for tourists, and with lots of cyclists including children. They assume car drivers are aware of the many tourists and cyclers and that it's therefore safe to cycle. No, it's not. When I see young couples with their children all on cycles, I tell them that it's not safe and not to assume car drivers will yield to the cyclers, even children on cycles. The risk to pedestrians is greatly increased by impatient car drivers. Which is ironic in my community because it is small and wherever one is going can't be far. City design that is car focused, impatient car drivers, and distractions are a deadly combination.


Not 'new cities' are car-friendly instead of bike- or pedestrian-friendly. American cities are.

And blaming 'city growth' for people killed by SUV is just nonsense.

Cities with baseball stadiums tend be pedestrian focused. Just look at Atlanta, though said to be only travelled by car, and SUVs or Mustangs at that, in-fact Atlanta is easily travelled by foot, it just takes longer. Boston, on the other hand, is nearly impossible to travel by foot despite laws that indicate otherwise, it is a nasty, nasty city.

Boston is only a nasty city if you are trying to drive somewhere in a hurry. Otherwise it's one of our best cities. What are you talking about?

I don't know, I haven't been to the Boston Aquarium; the North End is basically just the side streets in Savannah. Central Square is not unlike Forsyth Park. You need a bike in Boston, but at least in Cambridge you have the Commuter Rail, though I can't help but think that Davis Square is missing something.

Now, the Georgia Aquarium is great because you imagine a huge dinosaur in the middle. Actually, I think Fernbank has one. There is a bit of that "oh, I think that jazz café across from Fogo closed." But the color of the water is pristine....that type of blue that melts the senses. Wait, the sidewalks in Atlanta are actually the best part. It's not great for someone on a wheel chair, though neither is Boston, and coastal cities are supposed to be--could you imagine going to daedalus with someone in a wheel chair? Yup.

"Not 'new cities' are car-friendly instead of bike- or pedestrian-friendly. American cities are."

Indeed. Unfortunately, no American civil engineer has ever tried to get around on foot and the rest of us suffer for their designs.

6. That's a good example of how a false impression can be created just by manipulating inclusion. Nice to see the metropolis of Buffalo, SD get attention.

#2) More hundreds, you say? Hmmmm ... Didn't we just have that link to the guys who supply movies with all that fake moolah?

1. Australia has higher smart phone penetration than the US and pedestrian fatalities have trended down. Perhaps the two countries use the technology differently, but it suggests there is another cause for the pedestrian fatality increase in the US.

Americans hate each other and are just waiting for someone to make a mistake, any mistake, to turn the enemy into a hood ornament

Well, I have to admit that when I went to the United States the drivers did seem a little less laid back then in Australia. I saw a hit and run accident where a crappy old car hit a much more expensive modern vehicle and drove off. But the driver of the expensive car didn't seem very upset. She seemed to regard as an unavoidable fact of life the way we regard occasionally hitting a kangaroo.

I suppose if I had been in Texas shots would have been fired, like in the cartoons.

Well, about 50% of accidents in Los Angeles County CA are hit run, presumably because the runaways are triple NOs - no driver's license, no insurance, and no immigration documents. You would think that wouldn't be a problem now since no illegal aliens are deported anymore and California gives driver's licenses to anyone - if you can actually get into the DMV. I can't speak for other states ...

antipodeans used to (mebbe still) have a more pragmatic approach to driving with different levels of license plates and a common sense driving culture that seemed likely to reduce carnage

Yep, like that guy in Charlottesville.

#1 What is an SUV? The Lexus RX is just an ordinary hatchback that sits up sort of high; it's hardly a truck. But Lexus calls it an SUV. Most of (all?) the BMWs that are called SUVs are just sedans with a roof that goes farther back than is usual for sedans. Nothing in the article shows that the percentage of pedestrian deaths involving SUVs isn't explainable by the increase in vehicles called SUVs. As for the overall increase in pedestrian deaths, how about The Peltzman effect? The increase in pedestrian deaths seems to parallel the growth of features in cars that protect their occupants.

There's also the Siegel effect, which is that pedestrian deaths seem to parallel the growth in the legal rights of pedestrians. They magically think that legal rights, rather than prudence and avoidance behavior, will protect their bones from being crushed. PS I studied with Sam Peltzman, he was great.

It is most efficient to assign property rights away from the least-cost avoider.

In car vs pedestrian collision, pedestrian loses every time. Pedestrians can go from a full run to a complete stop in a couple of feet, cars cannot. Pedestrians can change direction 180 degrees on a spot, cars cant. Pedestrians have much better visibility than cars. Pedestrians at night are almost invisible unless they wear reflective clothing.

One pedestrian with right of way can stop 30 cars in both directions for a relatively long time.

Hence, assigning property rights away from pedestrians is what makes them most safe. A pedestrian should walk across a street deeply in the sense that their life is in danger, because it is.

I was thinking along these lines. The rise in SUVs and smartphones has to also be true in Europe where the convention is pedestrian beware rather than pedestrian right-of-way, but have their pedestrian fatalities gone up?

EU pedestrian fatalities in 2007 about 8,200, in 2016 about 5,500. I don't have newer data. From "Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2018: Pedestrians." One chart seems to show pedestrian fatalities falling more slowly than all traffic fatalities, which I guess makes sense as safer (for drives and passengers) cars rotate into the fleet.

#6 - The capitals (of states, provinces, etc.) appear larger than they usually do on most maps, which almost always emphasize instead based on population size. Other than, I don't see what in particular about this map warrants staring for hours.

I'm wondering if Tyler meant to give us a different link instead. There seems nothing that sets this map apart from dozens of other maps that communicate the same thing. Rivers, highways, capitals/cities/towns weighted by size/isolation. A follow up for #6 would be greatly appreciated considering that everyone is stumped by what makes this one stand out...

It's old school. We are used to highly granular Google Maps. Isolation weighting is VERY old school. Still, I don't really agree that this map is aesthetically wonderful, but to each his own.

the map explicates the routes by
which both measles and mr. rogers
spread to the u.s. via canada

Bringing in international students and minorities can be a recipe for disaster in bad times when government funds suddenly dry up. Still don't know what he means by research university. A lot of fluff in this article; short on facts. I'd like to know what people major in.


Short on facts is right, unless I skimmed too fast. I wanted to see tuition and enrollment, and had to look them up myself. (16000 students, $8000 in-state, $16000 out-of-state).

Interesting shirttail at the end of the story, asking readers if they had their own stories to tell about this guy. Looking for dirt?

"Resident undergraduate tuition cost $2,585 per year when Crow came to ASU. It was $10,822 last fall, an increase of more than 300 percent."
"His projections back in 2005 sounded far-fetched. He wanted enrollment to hit 100,000 students by 2020; ASU hit that goal early, in 2017, thanks in part to a quickly growing online market."

I don't have any stats for you, but I'm an UI designer in actual life in Tempe AZ, and I've been here doing that for 20+ years. Without ASU it's hard for me to imagine much of a tech/software footprint here, and it's because its possible to hire up here. In fact it's worked too well, the place it getting too urban and crowded for me.

1: As a recent SUV driver, I believe this 100%. Pedestrian visibility, especially at night is much worse than in a sedan. I have taken to turning much more cautiously than before (prob good general rule anyway).

#6 Are the red lines major railroad lines??

Highways. Not sure why Tyler spammed us with #6

Not a bad guess, because if they're highways, they're either badly misplaced or very strangely chosen. Highway 101, which runs from Los Angeles to Olympia, should go straight through San Francisco and across the Golden Gate - what's actually on the map near that location would be some weird combination of interstates 580 and 80, and state route 128.

Good observation. It looks like the highways are offset. It is particularly obvious when you look at I-84 east of Portland, which should be snug next to the Columbia River but is shown a couple dozen miles south of the river. The weird thing is that the 101 in California is offset a couple dozen miles north of what you would expect (look at LA-Santa Maria).

6. Why? Seems like a perfectly boring map to me.

6. Why are the US States and Canadian Provinces identified but not the Mexican States?

#6 neat idea - but the Colorado in Texas looks off (it runs through Austin while the Brazos goes through Waco) and neither of those are understood as a guide for the stretch of I-45 between Houston and Dallas, which this seems to suggest. So I kind of wonder about the rest.

The map got the label incorrect. That river in Texas is not the Colorado River (the one that runs through Austin), it is the Brazos River.

This map has other problems as well. The highways (e.g. the 101 from LA-Santa Maria) and city locations (e.g. Tulsa relative to the Arkansas River) are offset a fair amount in certain locations.

Dudes, I don't want to harsh anyone's vibe, but what about pot? From the GHSA report: “The seven states (Alaska, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon, Washington) and DC that legalized recreational use of marijuana since 2012 reported a collective 16.4% yoy rise in pedestrian fatalities, whereas all other states reported a collective 5.8% yoy decrease in pedestrian fatalities.” From the Financial Times, citing the report:

Fascinating, Glenn.

Thanks! I thought it was fascinating, also. But of course, correlation does not mean... etc.

I've asked this before: why is CA not listed and included? Kind of a biggie.

That is a VERY good question.... I will have to go re-read the GHSA report

It turns out that Caifornia's pot legalization does not enter into the calculations, yet, because the licenses for sales did not come into force until 2018, and the report ends in 2017. Stay tuned!

Because the Mexican states are moving here, in case you hadn't noticed.

Sometimes when I get cash back from my ATM transaction at the supermarket, the cashier will ask how I want my $50. I usually ask for 25 twos. So far, only one person got the joke.

Actually, that's the one thing that surprised me about the circulation chart on #2: There's only about twice as many $10 bills as $2 bills.

That is surprising all right. I wonder what "circulation" really means in this context; if PQ=MV the "M" of $2 bills is surprisingly high so their "V" must be really low because I hardly ever see a $2 bill.

I actually like them, but I think I've read that business dislkie them because their cash registers are not set up to handle the extra denomination.

I like dollar coins too, they're more convenient for using in vending machines and it takes too many quarters these days to buy something worthwhile. Granted, coin-operated machines are disappearing fast and being replaced with credit card readers.

1. "And politicians have been wont to do anything to disrupt the highly-profitable SUV market, which is dominated by Detroit-based brands." Maybe some of them are, but I think that writer was in dire need of a) an education and b) a copy editor.

#3) Don't know anything about the ASU "innovations" story, so I read the whole article hoping to find out. Other than increasing enrollment to 100k+ students and renaming departments/schools, what tangible improvements have occurred during Crow's 17-yr reign? He says he wants ASU to be a "first-class research university that just happens to be the single largest public university in the country." ASU is large, but the article also mentions that it is not in the AAU top 62 research universities. If Crow doesn't think that's a good measure, then by what measure does ASU claim that they are a first-class research university? The "innovation" stuff comes from a survey, but what are the supposedly positive results produced by that innovation, other than huge enrollment?

> by what measure does ASU claim that they are a first-class research university?

I dont know what Crow has in mind. But from the internationally objective pure science research metric Weighted Fractional Count WFC from an offshoot of one of the top science journal "Nature", globally ASU is ranked 136, placed even higher than Arizona University and some of the well known AAU research universities,

141|Indiana University Bloomington
143|Boston University
145|The University of Arizona
154|Stony Brook University
171|University of Virginia
187|Michigan State University
195|University of Rochester
199|Brown University
202|Iowa State University
244|Carnegie Mellon University
245|Case Western Reserve University
248|The University of Iowa
260|University of Oregon
273|The University of Kansas
320|The State University of New York at Buffalo
335|Brandeis University
365|University of Missouri


The trick from ASU seems to be able to maintain steady reseach performance in face of declining research grants availability and many US research unis just passed them by on the way down. Arizona Uni seems to have stumbled in 2016 and 2017.

A high number on that chart is good, right?
-- Mizzou grad, class of '77

How did they choose which cities to show? Wabash, IN (c. 11,000 pop.) gets on, but not Worcester, MA (186,000) or Cincinatti, OH (301,000)!

Isolation weighting. The same reason Qaanaaq, Greenland is on maps (it's not the capital).

But does that explain why Bisbee, AZ is on the map? It's fairly close to Tucson, which certainly does rate being on a map. But not Bisbee -- it's a somewhat remarkable town, a former copper mining town that's remade itself into a artist colony, but that shouldn't be enough to rate being on a map of this scale.

Or why map Albany, OR when it's so close to Salem? Eugene is more isolated and is a much more major town.

As others have said, those red lines are puzzling, not clear if they're highways or railways, but either way they incorrectly fail to show the Darien Gap.

Also missing, as some have observed, are some state capitols.

A bizarrely inconsistent map; as with other commenters I don't understand what the appeal of it is. A map that shows Albany OR but omits Eugene? I'll pass.

#1: A drunk guy in a Camaro mowed down about a dozen bicyclists in New Orleans yesterday, killing at least two of them. Not sure an SUV would have made a difference there.

If I remember correctly, it was Halford Mackinder who said: "The study of geography leads to imperialism in the same way that physical education leads to militarism." He was in favor of both. Are you dreaming about conquering Canada when you stare at that map?

1. It's hard not to notice that the charts all start the year the remake of Death Race 2000 came out.

Just sayin

#6 I jumped over to the time zone map and confirmed that Atlanta should really be in the central time zone rather than the eastern. Waking up and driving to work in the dark most of the year is a drag.

Here in Alaska, the sun is only up for a few hours a day for a significant portion of the year. If you work in an office without south facing windows you can easily go all day without seeing the sun for 3-4 months.

I too looked in vain for the Key to All Mysteries on that map and came on to "gotcha" (but I see someone else already did) - that's the Rio de los Brazos de Dios that runs through Waco - if you're ever there, check out the nice municipal park along it, Cameron Park. And while we're musing why certain towns were listed and not others, I'll plug an interesting recent book, "The Kings of Big Spring." As has been pointed out, it's a bit of a Hillbilly Elegy transplanted to West Texas, but has the narrative advantage of a great character in forgotten oilman/entrepreneur Raymond Tollett.

#6) See a road of some sort going around Iceland. Road trip possibility?

#6. Simplified version of north america. Major rivers and the interstate system. The natural beauty and one of the most useful man-made beauties of the continent.

1. F=m*a pretty much always works. SUVs are not necessarily deadly because of their high-building style*, but because of sheer mass. Colliding with a 3 tons vehicle at 20-30 mph is a lot more dangerous than colliding with one that weighs half of that. Okay - given more advanced mechanics we should take rigidity, direction of vectors and some other things in to account, but in the end we can still conclude that mass potentially kills (not as much as speed, but still).
So actually a car that protects humans better in a collision is no secret for physics - it's just that car manufacturers and car buyers doesn't really fancy the idea. For the manufacturers producing 3 tons of industrial waste is a substantially better business than doing that at a much smaller scale. To be fair, steel industry lobby plays a fair role in this - fiberglass has been used for car bodies for like ages (Lotus, Corvette, anybody?), not to mention newer technologies like carbon-fiber. And while they may not be that cheap, they certainly aren't that costly compared to modern emission or safety technologies either.
As for the buyers responsibility - yes, we love sitting in tanks, there's probably some behavioural explanation for this, but we do love sitting in light sports cars too, so I don't think making a change on user-side is impossible.

*Actually a ~2+ feet high bonnet line is nowadays a quasi-requirement for safety regulations. While it is true that high rising SUVs hit the upper body parts of the pedestrian too, cars with a lower bonnet bend the human body by the waist, so a second collision occurs on the hood/windshield of the car (depending on speed) which is much more likely to strike the head. And skull damage is a lot more life-threatening factor than damage induced to the torso. So in that relation - cars with low front end resembling formula cars can be even more dangerous. Again: the main traffic safety problem with the SUV is not the shape, but the weight.

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