The Patriarchy at Work

by on April 18, 2007 at 7:06 am in Economics | Permalink

Many studies have shown that women are
under-represented in tenured ranks in the sciences. We evaluate
whether gender differences in the likelihood of obtaining a
tenure track job, promotion to tenure, and promotion to full
professor explain these facts using the 1973-2001 Survey of
Doctorate Recipients. We find that women are less likely to take
tenure track positions in science, but the gender gap is entirely
explained by fertility decisions. We find that in science
overall, there is no gender difference in promotion to tenure or
full professor after controlling for demographic, family,
employer and productivity covariates and that in many cases,
there is no gender difference in promotion to tenure or full
professor even without controlling for covariates. However,
family characteristics have different impacts on women’s and
men’s promotion probabilities. Single women do better at each
stage than single men, although this might be due to selection.
Children make it less likely that women in science will advance
up the academic job ladder beyond their early post-doctorate
years, while both marriage and children increase men’s likelihood
of advancing.

From "Does Science Promote Women? Evidence from Academia 1973-2001".

Addendum: Tyler linked to an earlier version of this paper but if I forgot then probably so did you so here it is again.

1 Women at Universities April 19, 2007 at 2:34 am

Dear Professors Ginther and Kahn,

Sorry to send this email to you anonymously.

The 1973-2001 Survey of Doctorate Recipients data is quite inaccurate (after the internet era). Every year, many Ph.D. students are persuaded over email to not share their real information in these surveys.

This is because several universities make it mandatory for us to fill in the surveys before they formally award us the Ph.D. We resent that. Very strongly. Doctoral students who have successfully defended their dissertations have missed their formal graduation dates just because they didn’t filled in their surveys. We don’t think that is fair. Some international students on visas have lost their jobs because they could not formally graduate on time and they have been forced to return to China or wherever they are originally from – all because that stupid survey wasn’t filled out.

Consequently, many doctoral students, including those who value their privacy, submit dummy information, not true information. There is an underground lobby of sorts that encourages you to fill out fake data. Just think about this – if you are told “no survey = no phd” or if you friend’s family is deported to China or if your arm was twisted to complete a survey and you strongly resent the arm twisting, what kind of information are you likely to provide in the survey?

2 John K April 19, 2007 at 8:54 am

Amen to that!

In my case, the blood-sucking began the moment I was told by a junior-levl anal-retentive graduate school administrator that the dissertation-quality papers I had printed my dissertation on was not good enough. If I didn’t want to miss the graduation date, I needed to submit three copies by 3:00 in the afternoon, which gave me exactly two hours. Then she scolded me for not submitting the Survey. I hated being asked about my nationality, race, citizenship and other personal matters on the Survey. Not only that, it was insisted that I use my “real ethnic name” on the Survey, which no one could ever pronounce, rather than the Americanized version of my Korean name, which is used in all my publications and day-to-day affairs. I came to the US when I was three years old and I could barely pronounce my ethnic name myself.

When surveys are being forced down your throat, you know what kind of data they can expect.

3 Romesh Chakraborti April 21, 2007 at 8:59 pm

When most of us misreport something, we have systematic biases included in our misreporting. When an American university turns me down for employment and later sends an Affirmative Action card to me, I fill in “African American” to make their Sociology Department look bad. In reality, I am British of East Indian descent. I learned last month that a friend of mine from New York does exactly the same.

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