When oh when will this be a Journal of Law and Economics piece? Here is one excerpt:
The norms (for visitors) of mild localism include:
1) Don’t arrive in a large group
2) Ease into the lineup (don’t compete aggressively too early)
3) Let locals surf most of the best set waves
4) Take extra caution to avoid violating any ordinary surf norms (i.e. don’t get in a local’s way!)
Together, these concrete norms can implement the abstract norm of ‘respect the locals’. Observing these norms demonstrates deference to the locals and helps mitigate the effects of crowding for the locals.
Here is the full treatment, the piece is interesting throughout though it starts off a bit slow with the familiar. Thanks to Hugh for the pointer.