1. Singer: Amalia Rodrigues, fado specialist. I am also a fan of Sara Tavares, especially this CD. Carmen Miranda is often thought of as Brazilian, but she was born in Portugal and I believe she grew up there as well. She was good.
2. Popular music: Nelly Furtado has Portuguese ancestry, although I believe most of the demons who inhabit the MR comments section would count her as Canadian.
3. Novelist: Jose Saramago. But I don't like them all. Blindness, The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis, and The Double are the primary ones to read. Baltasar and Blimunda I should try again. The Stone Raft is good. Currently I am reading, and enjoying Antunes's Fado Alexandrino.
4. Philosopher: Can I count Spinoza?
5. Painter: I guess I pick Paula Rego. I can't think of a classic painter here.
6. Poet and essayist: Pessoa. I've been influenced by his work. The Book of Disquiet is his masterpiece.
7. Composer: Manuel Cardoso is the only one I can think of. He's OK.
8. Former colony: Brazil. But there's stiff competition.
9. Economist, one eighth of him: Can you guess? The eighth is from the Madeira Islands with the family name Alfonso.
The bottom line: I am worried by the gaps here, including classical music, cinema, painting, and sculpture. Yet #8 makes up for it all. I suspect that too much royal patronage is the reason why there are so many notable Portuguese explorers and so few recognized composers.