Your post on economist/artists got me thinking about economists/clergy.Obviously the most famous is Reverend Malthus. A Google search for “Economist Catholic priest” didn’t turn up much. “Economist rabbi” discloses that Israel Kirzner is the rabbi of a congregation in Brooklyn. “Economist clergyman” turned up Richard Jones but I’ve never heard of him. Economist/Jesuit turned up a number of names, all of them obscure to me.
My favored explanation is that “clergy” is an artificially higher bar than “artist”. Probably a large number of economists are and were devout people with learned and creative views on religion without having been ordained. E.g. Karl Homann is a first-rate theologian but not a priest. Robert Aumann is a first-rate Talmud scholar but not a rabbi. If the bar for “clergy” were parallel to that for “artist” these fellows would certainly make it.
Who else comes to mind? The School of Salamanca, and going back many medieval theologians wrote on economic issues. Paul Heyne. Heinrich Pesch. Galiani was an Abbey. Philip Wicksteed was a Unitarian theologian. The still underrated Richard Whately was the Archbishop of Dublin. Bishop George Berkeley wrote on monetary theory, as did Reverend Jonathan Swift.
The 18th century clergyman John Witherspoon wrote on monetary economics. Thomas Chalmers, who wrote on the Poor Laws and theories of underconsumption in the early 19th century, was ordained in the Church of Scotland.
Did all these 19th century figures really want to be economists, really want to be clergy, or both?
I thank Maria Pia Paganelli for a useful discussion of this point.