Do social problems cause economic problems, or vice versa?
Some discussions stemming from Charles Murray and Paul Krugman raised this perennial issue a while ago. Some on the right suggest that economic struggles of middle class to lower class males (and females) stem from the social dysfunctionality of some of those males. An alternative view is that the lack of good jobs for such men is driving the social problems. Over at The Upshot, David Leonhardt reports on some recent evidence:
The behavior gap between rich and poor children, starting at very early ages, is now a well-known piece of social science. Entering kindergarten, high-income children not only know more words and can read better than poorer children but they also have longer attention spans, better-controlled tempers and more sensitivity to other children.
All of which makes the comparisons between boys and girls in the same categories fairly striking: The gap in behavioral skills between young girls and boys is even bigger than the gap between rich and poor.
By kindergarten, girls are substantially more attentive, better behaved, more sensitive, more persistent, more flexible and more independent than boys, according to a new paper from Third Way, a Washington research group. The gap grows over the course of elementary school and feeds into academic gaps between the sexes. By eighth grade, 48 percent of girls receive a mix of A’s and B’s or better. Only 31 percent of boys do.
I say if the problem has started that early, the social issues are unlikely to be purely derivative of the economic issues.